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Related to pineal: pineal eye, pineal cyst, pineal tumor
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having the form of a pine cone

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Increasing age, sleep deprivation, changes in sleep patterns, some blood pressure and pain medications and low levels of zinc, magnesium and folate all can reduce the amount of melatonin produced by the pineal gland.
There is vast inter-individual variability in the quantity of melatonin produced depending on pineal gland size.
Women are at more risk of SAD, possibly because their pineal gland is more sensitive to changes in daylight hours.
Moreover, diurnal and seasonal changes in immune function are thought to directly reflect changes in pineal melatonin production, which suggests an important role of circulating melatonin in the development and maintenance of immune system [5].
The major glands of the endocrine system include the pituitary, the pineal, the thymus, the pancreas, the ovaries and gonads, the thyroid and the adrenals.
Melatonin, a pineal secretory product with antioxidant properties, protects against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
Consequently, the pineal gland is thought to play a significant role in seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
Melatonin is a hormone naturally produced by the pineal gland in the brain.
1) One of the mechanisms by which fluoride insults the brain is by its accumulation in the calcified pineal gland.
In females majority (9) of the patients had glioma followed by 5 patients each had pituitary adenoma and metastasis; 4 patients had meningioma, 2 patients had central neurocytoma and one each had pineal region tumour and benign cystic lesions.
Aaron Lerner, isolated and identified a substance from the bovine pineal gland which he named melatonin.
In this context emerges melatonin, an indolamine synthesized by several tissues such as the pineal gland and by extrapineal sources including macrophages, mast cells, and lymphocytes.
This rhythm is regulated by the pineal gland, a neuro-endocrine organ located at the base of the brain.
In which part of the body is the pineal gland located?
Beth Frazer now hopes to raise PS150,000 for a trip to the US to see the world's leading experts on pineal cystic tumours.