Most species (21) were found in the fluctuant macrophytes, with assemblage dominated by small benthic detritivorous and phytophilous species of the Chydoridae family, most of them (11 species) found exclusively in this habitat.
Phytophilous cladocerans (Crustacea, Anomopoda and Ctenopoda) from Parana River Valley, Goias, Brazil.
The members of the first group are geophilous, while those of the last three are phytophilous
Chironomidae (Diptera) and other macroinvertebrates in the ox-bow Infernao Lake (Jatai Ecological Station, Luiz Antonio, SP, Brazil).
Besides, the decline of phytophilous
species in the northern part of the gulf was documented by Kotta & Kotta (1997).
The species is phytophilous
, generally remaining off the ground, inhabiting plants from near ground level to the tops of trees (Roffey 1979).
On silty sand or silt the phytophilous
species Endochironomus, Polypedilum, Glyptotendipes, and Pseudochironomus are common among the macrovegetation.
zooplankton community structure affected by nutrients and fathead minnows?
This together with prevailing westerlies and increased salinities has favoured the survival, reproduction, and eastward dispersal of phytophilous
3), where streams have a low slope and a relatively wide channel, can be explained by comparatively good light conditions, which favour extensive occurrence of aquatic macrophytes with phytophilous
In these conditions, cladoceran richness decreased, increasing again in the dry season, with higher transparency and water oxygenation, when both planktonic and phytophilous
species were present.
However, the genera Lecane, Trichocerca (Rotifera) and Alona (Cladocera) are considered non-planktonic phytophilous