82) Demonstrations of phrenological
head reading and hypnotic trance ("animal magnetism") through lyceum lectures and debates provided visceral and highly public proofs of materialist forms of explanation of human nature.
The unpaginated National Theatre programme/ booklet to The Hard Problem a new play by Tom Stoppard, in addition to advertisements, sponsors listings and performance illustrations, contains: "For Nicholas Hytner's last months as Director of the National Theatre, one of his closest collaborators, Alan Bennett, gives a personal reminiscence" (6), "Rene Descartes" (25), Tom Stoppard "First Person" (26-30), accompanied by illustrations of "The Phrenological
Organs" [p,26] and "Brain scan@Pete Saloutus/CORBIS" (31), a response to Stoppard from Armand Marie Leroi (30,32), "An exchange of letters with Richard Dawkins (2006)" and Stoppard (34-37), "Biographies" and photographers of the performers etc.
So much of that scholarship has done more to mythologize the Yucatec Maya than humanize them, from the phrenological
photographic documentation that persisted in Sylvanus G.
Also, on the case of phrenological
critiques see Cheikh Anta Diop who is considered to be one of the greatest scholars to come out of the African world in the twentieth century.
Darwinian psychological speculation, Mayhew's ethnographic investigations, and phrenological
precursors to psychiatry were just a few of the new efforts to come to terms with alterity.
Partial contents: "Collecting Knowledge for the Family: Recipes, Gender and Practical Knowledge in the Early Modern English Household," by Elaine Leong; "Woman, Know Thyself: Producing and Using Phrenological
Knowledge in 19th-century America," by Carla Bittel; "An 'Elusive' Phenomenon: Feminism, Sexology and the Female Sex Drive in Germany at the Turn of the 20th Century," by Kirsten Leng; "Innovative Niche Scientists: Women's Role in Reframing North American Museums, 1880-1930," by Sally Gregory Kohlstedt; "Science in the Cradle: Milicent Shinn and Her Home-Based Network of Baby Observers, 1890-1910," by Christine von Oertzen; "Amateurs by Choice: Women and the Pursuit of Independent Scholarship in 20th-century Historical Writing," by Gianna Pomata.
models (such as eugenic and phrenological
models) to construct a narrow
Of Gesture Relative to Its Modifying Apparatus materializes less successfully another of Delsarte's diagrams; it resembles a Brancusi after having undergone phrenological
Binswanger goes farther than Bidart by discussing--without, I should add, critiquing--West's case in terms of eugenic and phrenological
assessments of body type and especially skull shape and size and a reading of facial features as depicting racially marked and hierarchically evaluated characteristics.
That standard would not be satisfied were the results of a polygraph no better than random, as with, for example, the putative admissibility of astrological data or phrenological
experts to provide evidence about a witness's veracity or a defendant's character for, say, violence.
She tells of the popularity of the Phrenological
Society in Cincinnati, for example.
Nonetheless, the physiognomic and phrenological
readings of Poe in comparison to his characters, along with the familiar biographical background of the writer, are the basic elements that help with the creation of Poe's image as a tragic hero doomed by a minor character flaw.
In respect of ideality, reverence, wonder, and other such phrenological
attributes, it is no worse off than it used to be.
Mr Bridges, of the Phrenological
Institute, 30, Mount Pleasant, later joined officials crowded around Palmer's body.
Nearly a century later, advocates of deterministic skull measurement continued to tout its potential as a human resources tool, with a letter writer in The Phrenological
Journal describing it as an efficiency tool on par with typewriters and telephones.