Historically close alliances implied not only shared security of the exchanging villages and clans, but also the enhanced trust needed for other sorts of marital commitments, sister-exchange marriage between two men typically within the same security circle (i.e., either the same phratry
, or the same village group that initiated boys together).
This social force is ecstatic (228; from the Greek, "ekstasis") in which people "stand" (stasis) "out of" (ek-) their usual placement in the order of tribe, phratry
, clan and routine activities associated with daily life.
Based on theoretical or empirical studies that emphasize the importance to investigate the quality of the relationship between siblings, taking into consideration specific characteristics of the environment where interactions and behaviors take place, this article presents the results of a research that identified particular traits of the care behavior manifestation among children with and without siblings in an institution in Belem's Metropolitan Region, through events involving several partners, with the same or different ages, more specifically in the phratry
In certain clans that have the water totem, obvious difficulties are presented; clan members will die without water, yet they nonetheless cannot drink it unassisted but only from the hands of someone in another phratry
Lambert, generally a proponent of the "natural" formation of demes, agrees, but with a chronological qualification, noting that the community responsibility for burial was carried out by the deme rather than the phratry
because by the time this law was passed (he dated it to the late 5th or early 4th century), (49) "the demarch, unlike the phratriarch, was responsible for a tract of territory as well as a group of persons." (50) Whitehead, while giving considerable attention to this demarchic responsibility and noting that it was an anti-pollution measure, is silent about its territorial implications for the demes.
(15.) Kiikyam signifies clan or phratry
whose member is kikmongwi.
For a long time there has been a division between the view of Wilamowitz and his followers, that the Demotionidae were a phratry
and the Deceleans a privileged genos within it, and that of Wade-Gery refined by Andrewes, that the Deceleans were a phratry
and the Demotionidae a privileged genos within it.(3) Each of these interpretations gave rise to problems; and since the work of Bourriot and Roussel on the gene(4) there has been a reluctance to believe in gene as aristocratic clans able to control their phratries.
Unlike Engan or Ipili speakers, who did form ethnolinguistic units, the Somaip were thus 'no ethnolinguistic "unit"' (ibid.) but, rather, 'a (linguistically diverse) phratry
in the anthropological sense of the term: a cluster of clans claiming unilineal descent from a common mythical ancestor' (ibid.).
Also possible is [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.], a sacrifice at a meeting of a phratry
, attested at Delphi.
but Callias, who seems to have officiated at the ritual, possibly as a priest of his phratry
, disowned the infant.
Despite Loftin's arguments that the Hopi clan and phratry
system supposedly afford the "experience of transcendence" to "spheres of unity and spirituality" (17-18), they are actually a major source of the rivalries, hatreds, and discontinuities of Hopi life.
This is not to argue that, after the dissolution of Nata Nage, 'Nage' designated anything like a named phratry
or federation of clans.
In Classical Athens, for example, when a child was no longer a baby, at the age of three, it would be presented to the family clan, the phratry
, and subsequently would participate in the choes festival for the first time that same year.
A fire was kindled and a pipe lighted and passed around with much formality, and a greeting given the visiting tribal phratry
with the Chant of Welcome (Hale 1895: 49-50).
302b-d shows how it is your religious affiliations in the phratry
that determine under what epithets you worship your gods.