A second goal is to measure the brightness over a wider range of solar phase angles
than what is reported here.
The absolute impedance (Z) and phase angle
([theta]) can be calculated according to the impedance vector of the equivalent series circuit, Z = [R.sub.cn] + j[X.sub.cn].
The phase angle
of a product is the ratio of its magnetic signal and conductive signal --various metals have different amounts of each signal.
To investigate the influence of wave impact phase angles
, positions marked as 1, 2, 3, and 4 shown in Figure 7 are applied.
(1) The DCLR and DCLR-composite modified asphalt mixtures had higher dynamic moduli and smaller phase angles
than those of the SK-90 and SBS modified asphalt mixtures.
Bioelectrical impedance analyzer derived phase angle
is a cheap, noninvasive, easy, and reproducible method with minimal intra- and inter-observer variability  to assess malignancy by measuring altered tissue electrical properties.
Bioelectrical impedance analyzer-derived phase angle
is a cheap, noninvasive, easy and reproducible method with minimal intra- and inter-observer variability  to assess malignancy by measuring altered tissue electrical properties.
With familiar waveforms of the terminal voltage and the armature current, the phase angle
[phi] can be easily determined.
In this way, we separate all [S.sub.i] to 1 - k parts, which differ from each other with phase angle
2[pi]/(1 - k).
In the high frequency region it is observed that the log [absolute value of Z] values tend to a constant (log [absolute value of Z] becomes independent of frequency) where the phase angle
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of phase angles
on the decoupling bandwidth in [SW.sub.f]-TPPM sequences with 4, 5, 6, 7, and 11 TPPM elements.
Cox and Heintz (2009) measured phase angles
in food-deprived rainbow trout and brook trout on a weekly basis, and in food-deprived Chinook salmon intermittently for 13 weeks.
Over the following weeks more observations were reported to the Minor Planet Center (MPC), and it was possible to construct a phase curve for the object extending over a very wide range of phase angles
as shown in Figure 3.
The complex modulus and phase angles
of the 3 crumb rubber TLA blends and the unmodified TLA were studied using an oscillatory dynamic shear rheometer (ATS RheoSystems) operated within the linear domain under strain control.
Ground-based CCD observations by the author during the same years covered phase angles
closer to 90[degrees] degrees, when Mercury was near greatest elongation from the Sun and outside of the LASCO field of view.