is inflammation of the supporting tissues of teeth resulting in gingival detachment and disintegration of alveolar bone.1 This is a painless disease presenting with features of tooth mobility and bleeding from gingiva.
Varios estudios han reportado la participacion de los mediadores de la inflamacion en el desarrollo de la periodontitis
(6-9), donde se demuestran tanto funciones destructivas como de proteccion por parte de las citocinas en esta enfermedad.
The inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF-[alpha]), interleukin-l[beta] (IL-1[beta]) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) play important roles in the occurrence and development of periodontitis
. (3,4) The key to the successful prevention and treatment of periodontitis
is controlling the bacteria and their products in the periodontal tissues and gingival crevicular fluid to maintain the microecological balance of the local periodontal environment.
Considering apical periodontitis
as a long-lasting inflammatory disease, it seems reasonable to hypothesize the mechanisms involved with occurrence of exhausted T lymphocytes at such lesions.
Davide Pietropaoli, D.D.S., Ph.D., from the University of L'Aquila in Italy, and colleagues retrospectively analyzed cross-sectional nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2014 for adults with hypertension aged ≥30 years with and without periodontitis
. BP was examined as both a continuous and categorical variable according to the presence or absence of periodontitis
and its clinical parameters.
Studies have shown association between periodontitis
and many systemic diseases.
Keywords: Palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, Papillon-Lefevre syndrome, periodontitis
One notable change to the new system is that no evidence was found to justify the distinction between chronic and aggressive periodontitis
as two separate disease entities; both are now under the single category of "Periodontitis
." Additionally, a new category of "Periodontal Health, "has been added; however, necrotizing diseases and periodontitis
as a manifestation of systemic disease remain the same.
cronica es una infeccion asociada a la acumulacion de bacterias periodontopatogenas que expresan factores de virulencia y estimulan una respuesta inflamatoria de los tejidos periodontales.
This approach can be a predictable management option in cases of advanced periodontitis
. The key is proper planning and execution of the implant surgery and prosthetics.
Periodontal disease or periodontitis
is a slow and progressive disease that may not only cause tooth loss, but it is linked to several, more serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and diabetes that is clearly nothing to smile about.
Problem Statement: There are cases of periodontitis
non-responsive to typical treatment strategies.
In 1999, the term "aggressive periodontitis
" (AgP) was introduced by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) to define a group of destructive periodontal diseases with a rapid progression.
Since these clinical and radiographic analyses of periodontitis
and peri-implantitis have low sensitivity and low positive predictive value , no reliable information can be obtained regarding the diseases' current activities and their future courses .
can neither initiate nor progress in the complete absence of a select group of etiologic bacteria.