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As the dash became inextricably part of the peonage contracts on Fernando Po, it produced its own sociality and space of renegotiation, the contradictory character of which came to destroy the viability of the plantations.
But as in the Florida peonage scandals, local juries did not convict their neighbors and other people who worked at a major local employer.
Blast Trans-Atlantic slavery, debt peonage, the chain gang, labor exploitation, racial oppression, and land dispossession.
To me, there is a straight line between enslavement and the peonage system where they would loan out Black people who were in jail and the modern Prison Industrial Complex.
Human trafficking is "defined by US Federal Law as (A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
The ultimate expression of one human being's indebtedness to another was debt peonage and slavery, often violently enforced.
While the influx of women into higher education since the 1980s is a notable feminist achievement, the "feminization" of academia has occurred alongside the gendered labor exploitation of students and faculty, and debt peonage, which is disproportionately high among women of color.
Myths of Modernity: Peonage and Patriarchy in Nicaragua.
Now is the time to re-think and re-structure, to move toward a future model: one that values instruction, one that honors educational costs without inflating them, one that chooses to protect future student generations from the kind of debt peonage that is everywhere.
B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Human trafficking, as defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, is either: a) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act [commercial sex] has not attained 18 years of age, or b) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
Outside the hacienda walls; the archaeology of plantation peonage in nineteenth-century Yucatan.
forced labor which is defined as the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
188) Subsequently in 1948, "pursuant to its section [two] enforcement powers, Congress enacted a statute by which it abolished peonage and prohibited anyone from holding, arresting, or returning, or causing or aiding in the arresting or returning, of a person to peonage.
between black slavery and Mexican peonage was more a matter of moral