using skin tissue from the scapular region around the thoracodorsal vascular plexus.
The present case series suggests that orthodontic closure of bony defect combined with regenerative procedure with PRF or collagen as scaffold for immature apex has better predictability compared to lateral pedicle flap
, Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) and apicoectomy combined with endodontic, as it provides more space for bone formation in the defect area and being completely non invasive approach in contrast.
A pedicle flap
of gingiva can be raised from an edentulous ridge, adjacent teeth,or from existing gingiva on the tooth and moved laterally or coronally to replace alveolar mucosa as marginal tissues.
Several proximally based muscle flaps from the foot have been developed, including the abductor hallucis muscle, abductor digiti minimi muscle, extensor digitorum brevis muscle, and flexor digitorum brevis muscle island pedicle flaps
The closure was reinforced by means of a direct viable pedicle flap
fashioned from adjacent healthy tissue, held in place by tying the long ends of the primary sutures over the flap (Fig.
Findings of the present investigation therefore suggest successful use of large pedicle flaps
of latissimuss dorsi for the repair of large diaphragmatic hernia in dogs.
Tunneled island pedicle flap
for an earlobe defect.
The pedicle was mobilized down to the base of penis, the pedicle flap
was made to make a tube over the stent using 4/0 vicryl suture.
After multiple efforts to heal an infected nonunion of the proximal ulna, Meals (1989) has used a flexor carpi ulnaris muscle pedicle flap
to improve blood supply and soft-tissue coverage at the nonunion site and observed promoted bone healing and restoration of useful elbow function.
Lateral pedicle flap
from the gingiva of the adjacent tooth was raised.
Starting from scratch, he invented techniques such as the tube pedicle flap
, usually taken from the chest wall or the neck, to replace huge facial or nasal loss of tissue.
Though the procedure developed by Gaspare Tagliacozzi (1545-99) to repair the nose (known as a pedicle flap
graft in which skin from the bicep was attached to the space where the nose had been) was remarkably lost to history in the following century, Gilman chooses to commence his vast history here because Tagliacozzi was apparently the first to articulate the relationship between physical appearance and psychological happiness.
After placing the mesh in a pedicle flap
in the animals, Vacanti and Donahoe measured the amount of MIS produced in the blood by the transfected cells and calculated the size of the target ovarian tumors that had been implanted in the animals' kidneys.
Trained hand surgeons commonly perform a procedure called a cross-finger pedicle flap
to preserve length reconstructing the finger.
3) The V-Y advancement flap, also known as the island pedicle flap
, with bilateral, opposed design, has been advocated for reconstruction of full and partial thickness lip defects.