Escalante T, Espinosa D, Morrone JJ (2003) Using Parsimony
Analysis of endemism to analyze the distribution of Mexican land mammals.
Ancestral character states were reconstructed using algorithms for squared-change (Maddison, 1991) and Wagner parsimony
(Swofford and Maddison, 1987) in MACCLADE V.
George Miller (1962) summed up Morgan's position accurately when he wrote that, "all that Morgan hoped for were a few reasonable rules for playing the anthropomorphic game." The parsimony
Morgan sought was a parsimony
within mentalism, not one that that eschewed mentalism.
The phylogenetic analyses were performed on both aligned nucleotide sequences and on amino acid sequences, using distance and parsimony
methods included in the packages MEGA 2 (Kumar et al.
Cognizant of the statistical power constraints and likely type I errors associated with small sample size research, we chose our methodology carefully and with appropriate parsimony
. One of the major goals of Transfer Bound is to assist students in making "occupational goals".
Instead they have, by their parsimony
, spawned a bunch of disaffected and vocal servants who are now queuing up to spill any tittle-tattle to anyone who'll pay.
Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using PAUP* (Swofford, version 4.0b1-b2; Sinauer Associates), under two optimality criteria: maximum parsimony
(MP) and maximum likelihood (ML).
He it was who devised Commentary on the Sentences, which contained his most memorable rule: "Entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity." Now usually spelled Occam's, the rule also goes by "the law of parsimony
One such fundamental principle underpinning all scientific investigation is Ockham's razor, also called the "law of parsimony
Phylogenetic trees were constructed using parsimony
, maximum likelihood and distance methods.
It has been criticized for lack of parsimony
as a theoretical construct and for difficulty of measurement as an empirical phenomenon.
Maximum likelihood and maximum parsimony
analyses of the 12s sequences suggested that the abyssal species of Coryphaenoides indeed form a sister taxon to the slope-dwelling species of Coryphaenoides, and might represent a separate radiation.
It was therefore a self-defeating piece of parsimony
for the Hermitage to send over for its latest exhibition, called The Genius of Caspar David Friedrich, only six oil-paintings and six sepia drawings by that austere and sometimes repetitious artist, accompanied by a detritus of Biedermeier sentimentality and Prussian militarism hardly worthy of the store-room of a provincial picture gallery.
"Sometimes physicians in the parsimony
of their writing don't put all the complicating and comorbid conditions in the record," explains Babka.
The Absence of Grace goes at close reading by seeking to explicate with geometrical precision a narratorial standpoint refracted by several speakers within the text, often violating the principle of "parsimony
" (208) that Berger would endorse about an author's representation of his narrator(s).