For example, in The Pardoner
's Tale, three men set out from the tavern where they were gambling and drinking on a quest to find a mysterious killer named Death and to vanquish him.
Geoffrey Chaucer's 'Pardoner
's Tale', in which three
One could consider Chaucer's Pardoner
, or his Merchant, characterized for selling "sheeldes" on the "eschaunge," or Langland's "moton of golde," or Mankind's joyous catalogue of coin types and Titivillus' grifty lesson in counterfeiting.
Notable is an essay, "The Pardoner
," written around 1955, describing a favorite "confidant" of her childhood and early adulthood: a stuffed animal she named "Monkey," with whom she shared her most intimate feelings.
The haunting, and often ironic, nature of freedom is echoed throughout the novel in its use of evolving symbols: schools that cultivate leaders become the nursery of cowards: a bird pardoner
captures birds so that they may be freed by villagers seeking penance for their sins.
(6) Of the twenty-two portraits in the General Prologue (which actually describe a total of twenty-six pilgrims, since the Five Guildsmen are rendered in a group portrait and the Second Nun and "preestes thre" omitted), seven (for a total of 320 lines) are devoted to religious figures (Friar, Parson, Pardoner
, Summoner, Monk, Prioress, Clerk) and fifteen to secular ones (but for only the slightly larger total of 349 lines).
Examples from the tales of the Pardoner
, the Shipman and Sir Thopas are used by Bertolet to demonstrate how the influence of a market culture permeated and shaped the thinking of London citizens.
The same might be said for several of the texts Stockton deals with in his book: explicitly scatological work by Jonson and Harrington, The Merry Wives of Windsor, All's Well That Ends Well, The Unfortunate Traveller, and the Pardoner
's Tale primary among them.
Then, after introducing Mary Douglas's criteria for identifying the structure, it sets forth Chaucer's 'Pardoner
's Tale" as a well-balanced palindrome, arguing for authorial intentionality by referencing a section of the "Parson's Tale." It offers John Dryden's observations about Chaucer's characters--which he has written in palindromic structure--to show that later British authors were aware of Chaucer's method, and concludes by giving evidence that Chaucer knew some Greek.
They are aiming to create the informal atmosphere of a medieval tavern with live music and a fresh look at Chaucer's classic and often raunchy stories including The Miller's Tale, The Wife Of Bath's Tale and The Pardoner
"Radix malorum est cupiditas," proclaimed Chaucer's Pardoner
at the conclusion of his tale.
"Mashup," indeed, describes one of Bergvall's most successful methods; for example, "The Summer Tale," a piece from her suite of appropriative texts called "Shorter Chaucer Tales," intersperses quotes from Chaucer's Summoner and Pardoner
's Tales with a 2006 online news article from the BBC entitled "Polish ice cream ban for papal visit" and her linguistic tour-de-force "Fried Tale" mashes up such disparate sources as "The Friar's Tale," J.K.
Indulgences had already been ridiculed during the 14th century by Chaucer, whose openly corrupt Pardoner
in The Canterbury Tales preys upon pilgrims making their way to the shrine of St Thomas Becket.
For those already familiar with the Knight, the Pardoner
, Alison the Wife of Bath and the host of other Chaucerian protagonists, it is delightful to recognise them.