Information about the transmission routes and risk factors for infection could be used to improve the control strategies and measures for paratyphoid fever
Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, Paratyphi B (tartrate negative), and Paratyphi C cause a protracted bacteremic illness referred to respectively as typhoid and paratyphoid fever
, and collectively as enteric fever.
Epidemiology of typhoid and paratyphoid fever
From 2008 to 2010, there were data for 977 travelers with typhoid fever and 241 with paratyphoid fever
Risk factors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever
in Jakarta, Indonesia.
coli (VTEC), shigellosis, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, botulism, cholera, listeriosis, typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever
, hepatitis A, cryptosporidiosis, and cyclosporiasis were included.
Comparisons of predictors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever
in Kolkata, India.
3) Although he did not initially make the connection with tick bites and ascribed the condition to a variant of paratyphoid fever
, McNaught, a British Army doctor working in South Africa, had noted in 1908 the typical clinical findings of a febrile disease with a profuse rash, (4) and later entertained the suggestion of a colleague that similar cases followed tick bites.
On July 16th 1916, while stationed at the hospital in Amarah in Mesopotamia, while hard at work, he suddenly became severely ill with a high fever and died within a few hours--probably of paratyphoid fever
, which was raging at that time.
Infectious Diseases: What Returning Service Members Are Bringing Home Afghanistan Iraq Commonly Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Seen in Typhoid, paratyphoid fever
Typhoid, paratyphoid fever
Returning Gonorrhea, chlamydiosis Personnel Leishmaniasis, cutaneous Malaria Protozoal diarrhea (Cryptosporidium, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia) Less Anthrax, cutaneous Same as those returning Commonly Brucellosis from Afghanistan Seen in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever plus Returning Hepatitis B Gonorrhea, chlamydiosis Personnel Hepatitis E Leishmaniasis, cutaneous HIV Plague Leishmaniasis, visceral Protozoal diarrhea Leptospirosis Rickkettsiosis Q fever Schistosomiasis Rabies Tuberculosis West Nile fever Source: Dr.
Infectious Diseases: What Returning Service Members Are Bringing Home Afghanistan Iraq Commonly Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Seen in Typhoid, Typhoid, paratyphoid fever
Returning paratyphoid fever
Personnel Gonorrhea, chlamydiosis Leishmaniasis, cutaneous Malaria Protozoal diarrhea (Cryptosporid ium, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia) Less Anthrax, cutaneous Same as those returning Commonly Brucellosis from Afghanistan Seen in Crimean-Congo plus Returning hemorrhagic fever Gonorrhea, chlamydiosis Personnel Hepatitis B Leishmaniasis, cutaneous Hepatitis E Plague HIV Protozoal diarrhea Leishmaniasis, visceral Rickettsiosis Leptospirosis Schistosomiasis Q fever Rabies Tuberculosis West Nile fever Source: Dr.
is caused by Salmonella paratyphi, a similar and generally milder disease.
The 1st Southern dealt with 993 cases of enteric and paratyphoid fever
in this year, most of them victims of the botched Dardanelles campaign.
These water borne diseases include Infectious hepatitis, Hepatitis, Typhoid fever, Cholera, Salmonella infection, Diarrheal disease, Schistosomiasis, Amebic dysentery, Paratyphoid fever
, Malaria, Yellow fever, Dengue fever.
coli (ETEC), and Paratyphoid fever
-- also important causes of serious diarrheal disease worldwide.