parasympathetic


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  • noun

Synonyms for parasympathetic

originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord

References in periodicals archive ?
This parasympathetic response turns down the stress response and elicits relaxation.
The tickle therapy targets the vagus nerve in the parasympathetic system.A
The sympathetic branch helps the body prepare for high intensity 'fight or flight' activity, whilst the parasympathetic is crucial to low intensity 'rest and digest' activity.
Craniosacral therapy (CST) has been shown in the literature to improve heart rate variability (HRV), to increase the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, and to improve the sympathovagal response in patients experiencing subjective discomforts.
Because out of all four parasympathetic ganglia, sphenopalatine (SPG) is the only ganglion which has some direct link to the external environment through the nasal mucosa, pain physicians, anesthesiologists, researchers have became intrigued by the innovative approach this route offers for the delivery of lidocaine to reduce parasympathetic outflow.
In a population of normal subjects, using short-term and long-term observations, it was found that parasympathetic tone is predominant over sympathetic tone in women and vice versa in men.
There are other fancy ways to measure sympathetic and parasympathetic tone.
The parasympathetic nerve supply aids in normal development of the salivary glands.
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a well-known non-invasive method to measure the balance of cardiac sympathetic and parasympathetic activities and has been used in many studies (7).
Moreover, at volitional fatigue, there is a momentary plateau of heart rate that signals parasympathetic reinfusion.
Furthermore, the role of two divisions of autonomic nervous system in preeclampsia remains controversial with one study finding an increase in sympathetic activity in preeclampsia [7], whereas another investigation described it as a state of sympathetic hyperactivity with decreased parasympathetic control of heart rate [8].
This method improves the differentiation between the parasympathetic and sympathetic (P&S) activity.
This, in theory, could be subdivided into either hypoactivity of sympathetic nerve outflow or hyperactivity of parasympathetic nerve outflow.
The efferent autonomic signals are transmitted to various organs of the body through two major subdivisions, Parasympathetic Nervous System [PSNS] and Sympathetic Nervous System [SNS].
Sympathetic and parasympathetic activity was assessed in the 4 patients by analyzing biologic parameters such as heart rate variability (HRV) using BIOPAC[R] Acquisition System.