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  • noun

Synonyms for palaeopathology

the study of disease of former times (as inferred from fossil evidence)

References in periodicals archive ?
Written by an international team of experts, this book provides the first truly integrated methodological and biocultural approach to human palaeopathology.
The relative survival of the human skeleton: implications for palaeopathology, in A.
A British specialist in osteoarchaeology and palaeopathology, Roberts presents a guide to interpreting human remains for the benefit of students studying the archaeological evidence in classrooms, archaeologists actually working in the field, researchers, historians and other academic kindred, and lay readers.
Green, Michael 1982 A review of enamel hypoplasia and its application to Australian palaeopathology, unpublished BA honours thesis, Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Including an introductory look at the field, the papers report on such topics as animal palaeopathology in prehistoric and historic Ireland, pathological alteration of cattle skeletons as evidence for the drought exploitation of animals, identifying livestock diet from charred plant remains in a Neolithic settlement in Southern Turkmenistan, tracking long distance movement of sheep and goats of Bakhtiari nomads with intra-tooth variations of stable isotopes, and tuberculosis as a zoonotic disease in antiquity.
Specialists from South Australia, interstate and overseas were employed to address a range of research areas, including chronology (Pate et al 1998; Prescott et al 1983; Pretty 1986, 1988), mortuary practices (Pate 1984; Pretty 1977), demography (Prokopec 1979), population biology (Brown 1989; Pardoe 1995; Pietrusewsky 1984; Pretty et al 1998), palaeopathology (Pretty and Kricun 1989; Prokopec and Pretty 1991), dental anthropology (Smith et al 1988), forensic science (Pretty 1975), palaeodiet (Pate 2000), palaeoecology (Parker 1989; Paton 1983), palaeobotany (Boyd and Pretty 1989), soil chemistry (Pate et al 1989), and earth sciences (Firman 1984; Rogers 1990).
I have two major criticisms here: the first may be seen by some as a pedantic quibble, but the second goes to the heart of all work on palaeopathology.
By way of contrast, palaeopathology, which offers insight into the progression of disease in an era before effective therapy, provides evidence of many diseases, now treatable but which, if left unchecked, often had severe or debilitating effects on the individual concerned.
Recently, palaeopathology and bioarchaeological approaches have shed direct light on the nature of Andean ritual violence (Tung 2007; Toyne 2008; Verano 2008; Klaus 2009).