The distinction between viviparous and ovoviviparous
is a consideration in interpreting mass loss and energy data in our study because it hinges on whether the em-
This is similar to the ovoviviparous
reproduction observed in Lydella jalisco Woodley, which parasitizes stem borers (Lauziere et al.
The mealybugs are ovoviviparous
, and form colonies in the center portion of the leaves; the crawlers are found generally under the body of the adult females or in their proximity.
The sexes are always separate; there are oviparous, ovoviviparous
and viviparous (Walker and Campligia 1998).
Development is ovoviviparous
and litters of up to 50 pups have been reported (ICES, 1995).
This species is ovoviviparous
, meaning that the eggs develop within the female and the young are born alive.
Phrynosoma douglassi, the most widely distributed member of the genus Phrynosoma (Guyer and Under 1985) is ovoviviparous
and gives birth from early August to mid-September, to 3-15 young per year (Nussbaum et al.
Development of a true ovoviviparous
sea star, Asterina pseudoexigua pacifica Hayashi.
Able (1983) characterized all oviparous and ovoviviparous
members of Cyprinodontiformes as having some type of chorionic adornment (filaments, microfilaments, sculptured pits or spherical knobs).
The purpose of this paper is to examine the dispersal dynamics of the small ([less than]5 mm long) ovoviviparous
bivalve Gemma gemma (hereafter referred to as Gemma) in a disturbed, patchy environment.
Pacific Electric Ray's are ovoviviparous
, meaning they bear young from eggs in the female's body.
2013), invasive insect pest possessing ovoviviparous
reproduction and covered with waxy layer (Hodgson et al.
The presence of embryos or larvae within the inner hemibranches demonstrates the ovoviviparous
condition of M.
1E), which lacks the albumen, capsule, and jelly glands responsible for producing and provisioning the egg capsule in oviparous and some ovoviviparous
medinensis is ovoviviparous
with larvae developing within eggs that remain within the female until they hatch (larvae are provided with a sheltered environment).