What is at stake in this article, though, is not a definitive classification of Hawthorne's generic mode but rather an examination of the elements within the larger discourse of romance that Phelps, in rewriting The Scarlet Letter, associates with the outmodedness
of the form.
By exhaustively exploring Boulez's fleeting and deep engagements with philosophy, Campbell's study raises larger questions about the outmodedness
of the concept of absolute music in the postwar era and the pressures that trends in historiography place on composers, as carving out a career as a composer-intellectual seems to increase one's prospects of being remembered by posterity.
 The ideology of shrewishness presented in teen comedies seems to be one that fancies itself feminist without actually understanding feminism at all, though the association between the teen shrew and the feminist seems intended to demonstrate the outmodedness
of them both.
So argues the cover article in last fall's Government Finance Review (October 2003) entitled "What's Wrong with Budgeting?" Authors Peter Christensen, Jeff McElravy, and Rowan Miranda list a range of criticisms of current budgeting practice from cost and delay to technological outmodedness
and lack of innovation that confirm that budgeting is under attack.
That would send a message to visitors about the vitality of the new China, the decay of the West, and the outmodedness
of a China that sought to fuse East and West.
Looking at the first objective from the distance of years, one is struck of course by the outmodedness
of the phrase; "non-official languages" was a term used because we lacked appropriat e terminology and did not want to use "ethnic" or immigrant" writing.