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As with any surgical intervention, varus derotational osteotomies are associated with potential complications.
Planning includes (1) localizing and demarcating the lesion of interest, (2) outlining ideal positions of osteotomies, and (3) delineating the intrabony course of the IAN to avoid severing or tearing the IAN during sagittal split.
During ischial osteotomies, the OA and CM can be injured due to a difficulty of visualization during an anterior approach (Kamada et al., 2011; Wada et al.).
In Group B, osteotomies over L1, L2, L3, and T12 were performed in 6, 15, 21, and 4 patients, respectively.
All unicoronal craniosynostosis cases that were treated surgically from 2013 to 2016 at our hospital with frontal bone symmetrization and staggered osteotomies were reviewed.
One hundred twenty-two (42.66%) interventions required bimaxillary osteotomies, and 164 (57.34%) required bilateral sagittal split osteotomies (BSSOs).
(2) Osteotomy module, responsible for computing bone cuts and enabling virtual osteotomies
This explanation was confirmed in a cadaveric study in which valgus osteotomies were practiced in 11 elbows, and when exposed to force, an increased lateral tension with larger varus was observed [15].
(c) Maxillary osteotomies to advance the maxilla in a counterclockwise direction and level the occlusal plane transversely with rigid fixation and bone grafting.
The nasal cavity anatomy and volume are altered with maxillary osteotomies and as a result nasal airway resistance changes.
In femoral head lesions due to different causes, many proximal femoral osteotomies have been described that aimed to redirect the load-bearing surface of the femur head (5-7).
But in mature malunion, i.e., presenting after 6 weeks, the fracture is consolidated, bony union is achieved and original fracture line is difficult to recreate, hence the treatment of these malunions is intra-articular osteotomies particularly in young, active individuals or the salvage procedures (limited carpal arthrodesis, total wrist arthrodesis, proximal row carpectomy, wrist denervation, and wrist arthroplasty) for individual with severe cartilage degeneration, low functionl demand and elderly.
Roberts, "Navigated osteotomies around the knee in 170 patients with osteoarthritis secondary to genu varum," Orthopedics, vol.
Comparative study of 2 series of tibial osteotomies with blade plate fixation or compression frame.