osteophyte


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Related to osteophyte: spondylosis, stenosis
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Words related to osteophyte

small abnormal bony outgrowth

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CT reconstruction showed an inferior osteophyte and a small cyst at the inferior articular margin.
In addition, one of the most significant self-reported limitations of the previously described technique was inadequate osteophyte resection and humeral head under-sizing.
For decades, an unloaded, standing anterior-posterior x-ray for structural assessment has been the main method of tracking degenerative arthritis in the medial compartment of the knee, with joint-space narrowing, osteophytes, or bone-onbone findings indicating osteoarthritis, and a normal x-ray suggesting no arthrosis.
Arthroscopic debridement and osteophyte resection may be helpful in patients with mild arthritis with a large osteophyte restricting motion or causing painful impingement at the extremes of motion.
3,4) Osteophyte impingement is the culprit for the initial symptoms often seen in osteoarthritis.
Table 1 Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) Classification 0 Normal (absence of osteoarthritis) 1 Doubtful osteophyte 2 Minimal-definite osteophyte 3 Moderate joint space narrowing 4 Severe joint space narrowing Table 2 International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) Classification 0 Normal cartilage 1a Soft indentation 1b Superficial fissures and cracks Lesions extending down to less than 50% of cartilage 2 depth Defects extending down more than 50% of cartilage 3a layer 3b Defects down to calcified layer Defects down to but not through the subchondral bone 3c layer 3d Delamination Severely abnormal, with penetration through 4 subchondral plate Table 3 Patient Demographics Age at Patient Surgery No.
It usually involves synovectomy, osteophyte removal, and capsule release but goes further by involving the conversion of a biconcave glenoid into a single concavity--a change that, theoretically, can restore the position of the humeral head, reducing the posterior subluxation and helping to relax contracted soft tissues.
The lack of osteophyte formation in the face of hypermobility, a unique characteristic of RA, fails to provide compensatory stability.
Cytokines - long known to be involved in inflammation in OA - have recently been shown to mediate the progression of joint structural damage in OA through cartilage breakdown, and to play a role in osteophyte formation and subchondral bone remodelling.
Patients with significant chondromalacia are considered poor candidates, and condylar flattening or osteophyte formation are contraindications.
Following the above technique of preoperative pedicle marking, and performing intraoperative localization via AP [anteroposterior] C-arm fluoroscopy, a T-11 thoracic laminectomy and transpedicular approach was performed to decompress the anterior compression of the spinal cord from the T10-11 disc osteophyte pathology.
Central erosions, periarticular sclerosis, cysts, osteophyte formations, joint space narrowing and cortical destruction which were detected in ankle and left shoulder joints plain radiographs were compatible with destructive osteoartritis.
Pathophysiological factors in CSM Mechanical Static Congenital canal stenosis Cervical disc prolapse Vertebral osteophyte formation Hypertrophic ossification of PLL Ligamentum flavum hypertrophy Facet/unconvertable hypertrophy Dynamic Repetitive movements Primarily in sagittal plane Poor cord elasticity Ischaemic Compression of larger arteries Decreased pia/medullary flow Venous congestion PLL - posterior longitudinal ligament.
These are paravertebral ossifications that resemble an osteophyte, but run in the vertical rather than the horizontal plane (Fig.