Upper respiratory tract infection, ophthalmia neonatorum
and diarrhea were found to be the most common morbidities associated with HIV-exposed formula-fed infants on ARV prophylaxis.
Administer prophylactic ocular topical medication to all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
Unlike antibiotics, silver nitrate is not effective against Chlamydia trachomatis which is increasingly more important than Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the aetiology of ophthalmia neonatorum
When erythromycin ophthalmic ointment was in short supply in 2009, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended the use of another brand of gentamicin ophthalmic ointment that conthins preservatives, for the prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum
typhoid, cholera, bacillary dysentery, tuberculosis, anthrax, ophthalmia neonatorum
and infantile diarrhoea as well as parasitic worms (2-10).
3) In addition, only 2 cases of bilateral MRG have been reported in the literature, 1 case with bilateral gonorrheal ophthalmia neonatorum
, (3) and another involving the optic nerves bilaterally and thought to be due to a congenital anomaly.
In 1930, he successfully treated gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
with a crude extract of Penicillium notatum.
As a frame of reference, in 1906, the average life expectancy in the United States was 47 years; the three leading causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis, and diarrhea; the leading causes of blindness were ophthalmia neonatorum
in children and trachoma and cataracts in adults; 6% of Americans graduated from high school; 8% of the homes had a telephone; and only 14% of homes had a bathtub.
9) Acquired ankyloblepharon has been reported in humans after various medical conditions, (10-12) dogs with ophthalmia neonatorum
, (6) cats with herpesvirus infections, (13) and geese and ducks after photosensitization by Ammi majus.
3] solutions for the prevention of ophthalmia neonatorum
A controlled trial of povidone-iodine as prophylaxis against ophthalmia neonatorum
Routine ocular antibiotic prophylaxis with silver nitrate, erythromycin, or tetracycline is recommended for all newborn infants to prevent ophthalmia neonatorum
due to gonorrhea.
Additional information on use of erythromycin for treatment of ophthalmia neonatorum
and infant pneumonia caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in newborns