is ascribed to a constraint hierarchy forbidding voiced obstruents
in coda position but allowing them to surface faithfully in onset position.
This hypothesis reveals Luick's reluctance to treat such spellings as signs of the general devoicing of word-final obstruents
in Germanic (and also Slavonic) languages.
The voiced stops of Japanese come from earlier prenasalized obstruents
CORR-SG compels correspondence between obstruents
, even if they differ in [place] and [continuant].
unaccompanied by tone (H) - in other words, toneless stops; whether the stops are obstruents
or sonorants is immaterial.
According to that law, voiceless word-medial obstruents
in a voiced environment became voiced when they preceded word stress (later, the stress shifted to the first syllable), e.
Indeed, since we know independently that all voiced obstruents
were prenasalized phonetically, this may help explain the -z- in the form kizo.
Palatal vowels, glides and obstruents
in Argentinian Spanish.
In both Livonian and Leivu, Proto-Finnic single obstruents
(stops and sibilants) have become voiced in voiced environments, cf.
The Proto-Thai three-way tonal system [A B C] underwent important changes in each t(h)ai dialect conditioned by the phonetic evolution of the Proto-Thai original initial: the devoicing of the voiced obstruents
[b- d- g-J- .
Furthermore, Ritt claims that lengthening should be more likely before sonorant codas than before obstruents
There are also examples where cluster-initial obstruents
were deleted (vrktvi < *vrck + tvi from vrsc-; dipsati < *di-dbh-sa-ti from dabh-), and Kobayashi considers this as representing the most general process.
5) In a voiced environment, shorter strong and voiceless obstruents
are transcribed as half-long single obstruents
29) singleton voiced geminate /p/ voiceless postnasal obstruents
allowed allowed obstruents
allowed Yamato (Y) no no no Sino-Japanese no no yes (SJ) Assimilated no yes yes Foreign (AF) Unassimilated yes yes yes Foreign (UF)
cikirsa-, beside set tr: titirsa-) raises the question of whether the suffix should be reconstructed with an initial laryngeal, though such a reconstruction raises problems for roots in final obstruents