In February, the Journal of Applied Communication Research presented a study of nondrinkers
who use similar tactics in business situations to save face in front clients, co-workers and colleagues.
When comparing nondrinkers
, drinkers and binge drinkers, the odds of the latter two groups engaging in certain risk behaviors increased considerably.
About 64 per cent of men were nondrinkers
(abstainers and former drinkers) and almost 88 per cent of women were nondrinkers
Modest drinkers also had significantly less improvement in their AST levels, compared with nondrinkers
, said Veeral Ajmera, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, and his associates.
Statistical analysis was performed separately for nondrinkers
and drinkers using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), with a two-tailed p value less than 0.05 set as significant.
adults who drink one to 14 drinks per week are less likely than nondrinkers
and heavy drinkers to have been diagnosed with depression in their lifetime.
True, coffee drinkers are more likely than nondrinkers
to smoke, eat red meat, skimp on exercise and have other life-shortening habits, according to a 2012 study in the New England Journal of Medicine.
On the basis of how many grams of alcohol people drank daily, researchers described them as (1) nondrinkers
or drinkers with a light health risk, (2) drinkers with a moderate health risk, or (3) drinkers with a severe health risk (Table 1).
We found a similar age and gender trend among nondrinkers
. After age 19 years, females in all racial/ethnic categories were more likely than males to be non-drinkers.
With regard to current drinking, light and moderate drinkers had nonsignificantly reduced odds of cognitive impairment relative to nondrinkers
at mean ages of 68 and 75 years.
Both the diet soda drinkers and nondrinkers
rated each sweetener about equally pleasant and intense, Green and Murphy report in an upcoming Physiology & Behavior.
Qi Sun, M.D., the lead author of the study and a nutrition researcher at the Harvard School of Public Health, wrote that the findings add to the "strong, consistent evidence" that people who drink in moderation are less likely than nondrinkers
or heavy drinkers to experience health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and dementia.
After adjustment for age, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, past use of hormone replacement therapy, total energy intake, fiber intake, body mass index, and plasma testosterone and estradiol levels, the investigators found that women who drank at least 4 cups of caffeinated coffee (500 mg caffeine) daily had significantly higher mean SHBG levels than did nondrinkers
: 27.3 nmol/L versus 24.5 nmol/L.
The data also show that long-term intake of alcohol from wine, of 2 grams per day on average, increased life expectancy by 2.5 years at age 50 compared to drinkers of beer or spirits and 4.7 years compared to nondrinkers
. In the present study, 70% of wine consumed was red wine.
Alcohol consumption over the past 50 years has declined, particularly beer consumption, and more people say that they are nondrinkers
, reports a team of researchers led by Yuqing Zhang of the Boston University School of Medicine.