Consequently, though animal studies are useful in predicting how a drug will affect nonconsciously controlled symptoms triggered by threatening stimuli, they are less effective when it comes to conscious feelings of fear or anxiety.
We will need to treat the systems that operate nonconsciously differently from those that result in conscious experiences.
Oppositions, conflicts, and disagreements can generally be attributed to disagreements about structures: each party nonconsciously
assumes that their selections, interests, etc.
In this vein, it is important to note that, in most cases, participants are nonconsciously
influenced by incidental stimuli (e.
We did not tell participants before debriefing that they were participating in a psi test, so it might have been that nonconsciously
they misconstrued their task and recalled more of the control than the practice words.
In what sense are people "free" to choose when a host of psychological processes operate automatically and nonconsciously
in shaping our choices?
Several studies have shown that goals of various types and levels of abstraction can be nonconsciously
activated (primed) to then guide information processing and social judgment, verbal task performance, and interpersonal helping and performance (see Bargh & Williams, 2007, for an overview).
The main finding of this research is that people with a tendency toward reactance may nonconsciously
and quite unintentionally act in a counterproductive manner simply because they are trying to resist someone else's encroachment on their freedomS' Chartrand concludes.
The brainstem criterion can be thought of as the anatomical converse of the higher-brain criterion, with the rationale that while neocortical function is necessary for consciousness, brainstem activation is also required for consciousness as well as for the nonconsciously
mediated behavior observed in PVS.
What is learned nonconsciously
in implicit learning studies is the underlying structure of the problem--the relationship(s) between variables.
Racial animus is difficult to prove because racial stereotypes typically exist nonconsciously
Persons discover (via illuminata) how certain relational motives and styles, likely deriving from the past, now continue (consciously, nonconsciously
, or un-consciously) to affect their present capacity to love.
The sensory-leakage hypothesis hinges on the assumption that the experimenter nonconsciously
influences the subjects during judging, on the basis of sounds that are well below sensory thresholds.