One of the most striking themes of this book is the clear sense it conveys of noblewomen
's ultimate helplessness in the face of rigid medieval convention.
Some scrutinize the careers of individual noblewomen
. Kimberly A.
Winn's introductions set forth what little is known about these two noblewomen
, the publication history of their works and some of the cultural context for their writing.
At a time when many women owned property and headed households (making them responsible for taxes and levying militia), when noblewomen
and women among the urban notability enjoyed a surprising degree of political and religious independence, and when women participated vocally in religious reforms both Catholic and Protestant, it is not surprising to find that women, too, posed a threat, one consequential enough to compare to the overt violence perpetrated by their kinsmen.
23 One attempt to distinguish between noblewomen
and courtesans included restricting the latter from wearing pearls in public (Vecellio, 1590, 138).
For Ribadeneyra, the ends to which she dedicated her life, as prayerful and charitable penitent, as mentor to a coterie of devout noblewomen
, and most notably as founding patron of Toledo's Jesuit college, more than justified the means by which she achieved that life.
Boucher shows Louise to be typical of Counter-Reformation spirituality, acting as a role model for other noblewomen
, and even being venerated by St.
Here we have some material for a disquisition on the symbolism of noblewomen
Most crucially they resulted in a sharp reduction in Venetian noblewomen
's prospects of marriage.
This is surprising, given the ample documentation supporting such Italian noblewomen
as Isabella d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia as instrumentalists as well as significant patrons of bas instrumentalists; this lacuna is probably symptomatic of the type of extant documentation from German courts and cities.
At times there are misleading references to the historical context of the Heptameron, as when the word designating the reformist group "evangeliques" is explained as "noblewomen
," whereas that important group consisted of both women and men, including Marot and Rabelais.
Encompassing the life cycle from birth to education, work, marriage, childbirth, child rearing, old age, and death, the book sheds light on the lives of ordinary women such as peasants, servants, nuns, and widows, as well as queens, princesses, noblewomen
, and merchantsAE wives.
In the preface to the Russian translation of her monograph, A Woman's Kingdom: Noblewomen
and the Control of Property in Russia, 1700-1861, Michelle wrote with appreciation of her mentors and advisers: John Bushnell, David Joravsky, and Sarah Maza.
Her primary focus is on the interaction between Hawaiian noblewomen
and female missionaries (especially the earliest ones), and she does much more than other scholars have done to bring this interaction to light.
Trobairitz were the female poets of the 12th and 13th centuries, mostly noblewomen
in the south of France, wives and daughters of dukes and counts, often the lovers of troubadours and minstrels.