epidemica in metropolitan area, Germany.
Hantaan virus and its related strains (Seoul virus, Dobrava virus, and Puulmala virus) cause Korean hemorrhagic fever in the Far East; hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Russia and China; and nephropathia
epidemica in Scandinavia.
Beechnuts and outbreaks of nephropathia
epidemica (NE): of mast, mice and men.
Puumala virus (PUUV), by far the most frequent cause of hantavirus disease in Germany (7), causes a milder form of HFRS (8) called nephropathia
Usually PUUV causes mild HFRS (also called nephropathia
A new Puumala hantavirus subtype in rodents associated with an outbreak of nephropathia
epidemica in South-East Germany in 2004.
In parts of Europe, including Sweden, Puumala virus (PUUV) causes nephropathia
epidemica (NE), a relatively mild form of HFRS with case-fatality rates of 0.
glareolus) in Europe causes a milder form of HFRS, nephropathia
Temporal dynamics of Puumala virus antibody prevalence in voles and of nephropathia
epidemica incidence in humans.
Evaluation of Puumala virus IgG and IgM enzyme immunoassays based on recombinant baculovirus-expressed nucleocapsid protein for early nephropathia
glareolus) in Belgium have led to outbreaks of nephropathia
epidemica, a mild form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by Puumala hantavirus (31).
In Germany, the most common hantaviral disease is nephropathia
epidemica (NE), which is associated with Puumala virus (PUUV) infection (7,8).