Conversely, the use of denial and escape-avoidance strategies on a long-term basis rather than other more positive coping strategies may promote risk-taking behaviors and thus negative adaptation
, increasing the patient's risk of acquired medical and psychological sequelae and the frequency of hospitalization and healthcare costs.
Summing up this part of reflections it may be stated, that the way of perceiving the notion "adaptation" by social science is of axiological dimension, indicating the division between positive and negative adaptation
at the same time.
Lindo and Nordholm (1999) examined the psychological adjustment and well-being of persons with low vision by using Persson's (1990) model of adaptation, which assumes that a person will adopt several strategies from among six positive adaptation strategies and five negative adaptation
Concerning ethnic self-identification, students who strongly identified themselves as Vietnamese exhibited a more negative adaptation
experience, suggesting that a strong sense of ethnic identity devoid of positive identification with the mainstream society may aggravate psychological conflict (Sam 2000).
Both positive and negative adaptations
of the culture since European contact are seen here.