natural theology

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  • noun

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a theology that holds that knowledge of God can be acquired by human reason without the aid of divine revelation

References in periodicals archive ?
Poetry's "supreme usefulness to natural theology lies just in the way it embodies each of these elements in a clear and formal way.
Thus, guided by the heuristic question of contingency, following O'Connor as a kind of philosophical Virgil, we are led from modal logic to metaphysics to natural theology, which is the subject of the second part of the book.
Nonetheless, he certainly wished his theology to be based on the Bible, and only the Bible, as his rejection of the natural theology of the Fathers shows.
While fideism conceives of faith as incompatible with any evidence for its content, natural theology offers only spectator evidence that does not involve the human will and, consequently, does not reveal an interactive, personal God who is worthy of worship, nor one who may purposively remain scientifically elusive.
Morris' convergent evolution), he credits scientifically trained theologians such as Peacocke and Polkinghorne with proffering ways of understanding divine action in evolution that offer hope for a rational and meaningful articulation of a new natural theology.
This argument, however, collapses when critics go further than the |deists' to whom Butler is responding by casting fundamental doubts on the rational credibility of the arguments for natural theology which both Butler and his opponents accepted.
argues, also might find grounding in the work of both Augustine and Aquinas (243) along with a vocabulary by which they can enter into comfortable speaking terms with natural theology.
Kant, in robbing religion of its foundation in natural theology, not only deprived religion of the support of natural science but also deprived the material world of moral significance.
Gould's advice, keep the solution simple: we must distinguish the legitimate sphere of science (the "physical" universe) from the legitimate sphere of religion (meaning, value, and ethics) and we must ensure that neither intrudes on the other [Gould's famous, or infamous NOMA principle], (2) to develop a natural theology in which natural physical events are viewed as mirroring the action and activity of the Godhead, or exemplifying God's very nature (Science, it is said, is "to think God's thoughts after him"), or (3) to argue that modern science and its methodologies are the fruits of Christianity, so that our science is in principle Christian.
argues against any two-tiered distinction between nature and grace, or philosophy and theology, and shows how the "poor Christ" is present in Aquinas's reflection on the most basic forms of natural economic exchange, without abandoning either metaphysics or natural theology.
Earlier, Tanguay had recognized that Strauss would not be completely satisfied with granting each side its own irreducible and untouchable experience, but he follows up this recognition with a discussion of natural theology and the Platonic doctrine of the Ideas, suggesting that, in order to understand and either support or reject the experience of fear of God, it is necessary to possess "a completed system of philosophy" (pp.
In his presentation, he argues that scientific reductionism is a bad idea and natural theology a good one.
Dr Addinall's thesis is that by responding to advances in the natural sciences in terms of the old argument from design, rather than by Kant's epistemology, British natural theology suffered a defeat from which the culture has not yet recovered.
contends that his contribution can be categorized as a "theology of nature," as distinct from the less plausible natural theology tradition, in order "that theology includes, and be constrained by, while transcending science" (126).
Twentieth-century Thomists, such as Etienne Gilson, Henri de Lubac, and Marie-Dominique Chenu, are subject to criticism by McInerny, not for their lack of respect for Thomas as a Catholic theologian but for ignoring his role as a philosopher, who as a philosopher is able to develop an Aristotelian-like natural theology independent of the faith.