myrmecophyte


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Words related to myrmecophyte

plant that affords shelter or food to ants that live in symbiotic relations with it

References in periodicals archive ?
Only two fern genera have been reported to include myrmecophytes, meaning that they develop myrmecodomatia.
Although both lifelong association and the absolute requirement for a partner are thought to favor species-specificity (Schemske 1983), a number of both obligate myrmecophytes and plant-ants are known to have multiple associates (Wheeler 1942, Benson 1985, Huxley 1986, Ward 1991, Davidson and McKey 1993).
Murase K, Itioka T, Nomura M, Yamane S (2003) Intraspecific variation in the status of ant symbiosis on a myrmecophyte Macaranga bancana, between primary and secondary forests in Borneo.
Molecular phylogenetic study of a myrmecophyte symbiosis: did Leonardoxia/ant associations diversify via cospeciation?
Myrmecophytes, also knows as ant-plants, have hollow stems or roots that occur as a normal part of their development.
Since the myrmecophytes, in particular domatia-bearing plants, are very common in the Neotropics (Davidson and Mackey 1993) and the Amazon has been registered date of ants inhabiting plants (Fonseca and Ganade 1996), it is possible that an obligate relationship exists between Myrcidris and Myrcia, as that among some species of Pseudomyrmex and species of plants of the genera Acacia, Triplaris and Tachigali (Ward 1993, 1999).
The large number of species is to be expected as Pheidole is the dominant taxon of New World ant ground ant assemblages (Fowler 1994), but some species are also arboreal and others have symbiotic relationships with myrmecophytes, Indeed, Pheidole is now the most species-diverse group of New World organisms after beetles (Chrysomelidae and Curculionidae).