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Related to myelinolysis: Osmotic demyelination syndrome
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  • noun

Words related to demyelination

loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function

References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the data available from previous animal studies, marked hypernatremia due to rapid correction of hyponatremia may cause myelinolysis in humans.
Central pontine myelinolysis often lead to permanent paralysis, however, in some cases people recover from the condition after a few weeks to a month.
MRI brain obtained at 60 hrs of admission showed mild edema of the cortex and sulci and diffuse edema of the pons and midbrain with restricted diffusion in the pons consistent with central pontine myelinolysis also known as osmotic demyelination syndrome.
Serial magnetic resonance imaging of central pontine myelinolysis. Liver Transplontation 8(7):643-645, 2002.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a rare neurological syndrome first described in 1959 by Adams et al.
also reported an infant on intranasal DDAVP who had episodes of hypernatremia whenever he had a cold due to poor absorption and ultimately developed central myelinolysis during one of the episodes when serum Na was 189 mmol/L [18].
Administration of hypertonic saline is ideal; however, reports vary on whether sodium should be corrected slowly because rapid correction could lead to cerebral edema and central pontine myelinolysis (Gupta, 2009; Kuroda et al., 2010).
In addition, acute infarct, petechial hemorrhage, myelinolysis, and calcium deposition have also been postulated [6, 7].
Neurological complications after liver transplantation including central pontine myelinolysis. Transplant Proc.
Catatonia was first described by Karl Kahlbaum in 1874 and has as an aetiology neurological disorders (encephalopaties, tumours, degenerative, central pontine myelinolysis, locked-in syndrome), psychiatry (hysteria, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, schizophrenia, psychosis, drug withdrawl), infectious diseases (AIDS, malaria, neurosyphilis), metabolic ones (Addison's, diabetic ketoacidosis, hepatic or renal failure, poisoning), but also inherited neurometabolic disorders such as homocystinuria, coproporphyria, Tay-Sachs disease.
Slow correction of serum sodium levels is necessary to avoid central pontine myelinolysis. Hypertonic saline should be considered for patients with severe neurologic symptoms.
Selective Extrapontine Myelinolysis in Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome in a Case of Previously Undiagnosed Sheehan's Syndrome with Recurrent Hyponatraemia--A Rare Association.
[3] Hyponatremia itself may cause central pontine myelinolysis, and may be an independent contributing factor to morbidity.