The Persistent Mullerian Duct
Syndrome: An Update Based Upon a Personal Experience of 157 Cases.
On the existence of a rudimentary head-kidney in the embryo chick, and on certain points in the development of the Mullerian duct
. Q J Microsc Sci 1879;19:1-20.
Yadav, "Persistent Mullerian duct
syndrome with transverse testicular ectopia presenting as an incarcerated inguinal hernia," Hernia, vol.
Siegel, "Incidence of ovarian maldescent in women with mullerian duct
anomalies: evaluation by MRI," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
A single base pair mutation encoding a premature stop codon in the MIS type II receptor is responsible for canine persistent Mullerian duct
anomalies: from diagnosis to intervention.
The uterus develops from celomic epithelium during the 6th week of development during which it invaginates to form paramesonephric duct (mullerian duct
(8) classified their 53 cases of the MRKH syndrome in three recognized subtypes: typical, atypical, and MURCS (Mullerian duct
aplasia, renal aplasia, and cervicothoracic somite dysplasia).
Other contributions discuss marsupial pathway, androgen insensitivity syndrome, the persistant Mullerian duct
syndrome, apparent mineralocorticoid excess, animal models of adrenal genetic disorders, geographical endocrinology, and prenatal diagnosis.
Ehrenfels et al., "Mutations of the anti-Mullerian hormone gene in patients with persistent Mullerian duct
syndrome: biosynthesis, secretion, and processing of the abnormal proteins and analysis using a threedimensional model,"Molecular Endocrinology, vol.
(3.) Behr SC, Courtier JL, Qayyum Al, Congenital pelvic abnormalities, imaging of mullerian duct
Persistent Mullerian Duct
Syndrome (PMDS), a rare form of male pseudo-hermaphroditism, is characterized by the persistence of Mullerian duct
structures (uterus, fallopian tubes and upper two-thirds of vagina) in an otherwise normally virilized male (46XY)2.
The paramesonephric duct or Mullerian duct
first appears in the human embryo at the 10mm stage and begins to regress in the male due to Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) (1).
The Mullerian duct
is noticeable at the level of the mid-testis (Figs.
The MURCS association: Mullerian duct
aplasia, renal aplasia.