"All social and political initiatives based on fundamental values, in particular for those seeking to realize some conception of social and political freedom combined with equality, unavoidably play into the furtherance of monocratic
bureaucracy" (Breiner 1996, 136).
Put differently, the HDZ and the SPS were characterized by the monocratic
form of headship, 'defined by the prime role of a single person in the shaping of a group's decision', where 'the entire organization tends to identify with him' (Schonfeld, 1981: 231).
The first one is that institutionally--and notwithstanding the desire of Mussolini and the Fascist regime to realize their self-defined "totalitarian" project--the actual regime remained "polycratic" more than "monocratic
" (Breschi 30).
For all their pride in being "citizens" rather than "subjects," Americans hanker for the firm smack of command from a monocratic
intra- organisational networks in which hierarchy or monocratic
Haidar and Pullin (2001) utilised Weber's 'ideal types' to develop two 'ideal employment relations types', the 'diarchic' and the 'monocratic
' which are 'based on the scope of superordinate power'.
It was as if the monocratic
reflex previously identified with the head of state had been displaced to the level of an intellectual elite that invested itself as the incarnation of established power.(4)
(10.) Although monocratic
executives are customary, plural executives do exist and even flourish.
Principles such as the necessity of rules, files, monocratic
hierarchy, division of labor, continuous organization, salaries, professional staff, and so on, as described by Weber, seem obvious and commonplace to us now, but only because of his pioneering observations when the generic characteristics of emerging bureaucracies were not obvious.
Although Weber attempted to identify a common set of structural and behavioural features of modern "monocratic
" and traditional "patrimonial" bureaucracies that transcended jurisdictional and temporal boundaries, later scholars insisted his ahistorical "ideal type" construction at best served only as a useful guide to general trends.
And the commitment to scientific method, betokened by the emphasis on educational credentials, fits uneasily with a functional fusion of roles under monocratic
Initially, Jefferson portrayed his old adversary as personally corrupt; but after many investigations, Jefferson gave up on this and shifted to the charge that Hamilton was an alien force in American political life, perhaps personally honest but anti-republican, "monocratic
"--a man of large, perhaps Caesarian ambitions.