The study of the relationships between the moderators that are thought to bias pain assessment and the features of the congruence between PSRP and observer-rated pain can be used as a tool to uncover the impact of pain assessment moderators on pain estimation and possibly to offer clues for the explanation of pain misestimation
Both types of misestimation
are a consequence of the inability of the NRM to reproduce an ORF for the correct answer with a non-zero lower asymptote.
To be aware of the size of pectinate muscle provide to avoid misestimation
in the evaluation of patients with atrial fibrillation or stroke (10).
The lack of statistical data is an important issue in reliability modeling, since parameter uncertainty can lead to the misestimation
of system measures .
These outliers are due to data and/or numerical misestimation
of the log-likelihood function.
The time frames chosen in event studies may lead to a misestimation
of the effects of LSAPs in two ways.
Much ado about nothing: The misestimation
and overinterpretation of violent video game effects in Eastern and Western nations: Comment on Anderson et al.
Third, threats can only be documented based on children's reports (or perpetrators' admissions), which may lead to misestimation
Thus, not controlling for beneficial factors can result in misestimation
of health risks of toxic contaminants (Budtz-Jorgensen et al.
The inflation in housing prices caused a bubble (an unsustainable rise in asset prices as a result of a misestimation
of asset values).
of time in a socially desirable direction seems to carry over to other activities as well, such as attendance at religious services and volunteering.
Incorporating false absences into regression models of distributions of species could lead to misestimation
of relationships of habitat, especially where probabilities of detection covary with habitat (Tyre et al.
Onaviani and Sorensen (2008b) provide an overview of the theoretical explanations for the bias, including those based on the misestimation
of probabilities, market power of informed bettors and uninformed bookmaker, preference for risk, heterogeneous beliefs, and limited arbitrage by informed bettors.
Sumit Agarwal, "The Impact of Homeowners' Housing Wealth Misestimation
on Consumption and Saving Decisions," Real Estate Economics 35, no.
30) In a sense, the former misestimation
in legal analysis is subject to grand public exposure in the courts, whereas the latter is typically subject only to the appreciation of legislators that the lawyer has helped them avoid the embarrassment of having enacted what all go on thinking would have proved to be unconstitutional legislation.