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Related to megacolon: toxic megacolon
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  • noun

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an abnormal enlargement of the colon

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References in periodicals archive ?
Enx (Hox11L1)-deficient mice develop myenteric neuronal hyperplasia and megacolon. Nature Med.
BoTox A has been successfully used to treat skeletal muscle spasm and high-tension diseases in adults and children, such as esophageal achalasia.[3] Langer and Birnbaum first described transabdominal ultrasound localization and anal sphincter injection of BoTox A in children with congenital megacolon causing intestinal obstruction.[4] However, this treatment is technically challenging.
Surgical intervention is rarely necessary and reserved for those patients with signs of acute abdomen or those with toxic megacolon. In certain instances, aspiration of ALA is required, particularly when there is no clinical response after five to seven days of antiamoebic therapy.
Obviously, surgery is reserved for severe/ unresponsive cases in which the colon becomes distended and unable to function properly (called megacolon).
As principais doencas que levam a construcao de estomias intestinais sao: cancer colorretal, doenca diverticular, doenca inflamatoria intestinal, incontinencia anal, colite isquemica, polipose adenomatose familiar, trauma, megacolon e infeccoes perineais graves (20,21).
Observation of effect of laparoscopic modified Soave operation in the treatment of neonatal long segment type congenital megacolon. Shandong Med J.
La etapa cronica, que se desarrolla despues de algunos anos en el 25-35% de las personas infectadas, se caracteriza por no presentar parasitemia; en esta fase, los parasitos se alojan y reproducen en nidos de amastigotes de organos y sistema nervioso periferico, de los cuales un 30% desarrolla desordenes cardiacos y un 10%, trastornos nerviosos y digestivos como el megacolon o megaesofago (Martino, 2012).
New concepts of the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of congenital megacolon (Hirschsprung's disease).
Absolute contraindications are: acute peritonitis, perforation of the intestine, acute diverticulitis, fulminant colitis, toxic megacolon, suspected obstruction of the intestine and non-cooperative patient, while relative contraindications are: acute myocardial infarction, serious heart rhythm disorders, late pregnancy, recent colorectal surgery and inadequate preparation of patients for colonos-copy [8-13].
Severe infection results in watery diarrhea multiple times per day, severe abdominal cramping, colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, and in rare cases, toxic megacolon. About half a million people in the United States are infected each year, with a mortality rate of five percent and estimated healthcare costs of $4.8 billion just for acute care facilities.
Consider antidiarrheals such as loperamide, but use them with caution to avoid toxic megacolon. (16)