Gandhi's misplaced maternalism
helped Britain's divisive policy despite his best: intentions.
The essence of political authority--to tell people that they are not allowed to do certain things and that if they persist in doing them they will be restrained and probably punished--cannot be fitted into modern maternalism
The thrust of mainstream feminist politics, in France as well as elsewhere, was towards touting the virtues of maternalism
and improvements in women's position in society by virtue of their specific moral and physical qualities as potential mothers.
evolved away from a commitment to empowering women as workers, which characterized neomaternal activism during the 1970s, and toward protecting women in their roles as mothers.
, market discourses) promote certain ways of thinking about the world.
To understand how a maternalistic framework may be useful here, it is helpful to look at maternalism
as it contrasts with paternalism.
Whereas we can understand post-1940 moral mothering as historically associated with child rearing and caring, entrenched in powerful discourses of domesticity and maternalism
for middle-class mothers, moral mothering of the latter half of the twentieth century and early twenty-first century is mothering characterized by an inseparability of caring and earning (see also Hayes 1996) and, thus, a newer gendered division of labor in nuclear families (Mason 1999).
Colorado Progressive reformers cast their agendas in the languages of Protestantism, popular republicanism, maternalism
, and efficiency, conceived of and articulated in the gendered terms of manhood.
3 "Unlearning" familialism, farewell to maternalism
It would also need to be delinked from many of the essentializing connotations that go along with maternalism
As historians Sonya Michel and Robyn Rosen have demonstrated, maternalism
drew many types of female activists, and it was not until progressive maternalists began to reconfigure the relationship between the state and its citizens on the national level that conservative maternalists rallied in opposition.
Broadly defined, the notion of maternalism
is used by feminist scholars to characterise policies that associate women with the interests of home and family, built on the assumption that women's nurturing work can be equated with male labour, their contribution to the nation being to raise its future citizens.
His admiration is judiciously qualified by his recognition of her Victorian sensibilities--"Western arrogance" (37), classism, paternalism, and the maternalism
of her cohort of women missionaries who, in the words of Jane Hunter in The Gospel of Gentility, assumed a "protective, proprietary stance toward China" in the debates of the time (qtd.
59) The effects of maternalism
in the context of the mandatory HIV-testing debates were not quite so extreme, but they were there nonetheless.
Julie Berebitsky's essay on the Delineator's 1907-1911 "Child Rescue Campaign" argues that adoption matters because it illuminates who could (and could not) legitimately claim "mother consciousness," a crucial resource during the Progressive era, when maternalism
was the chief vehicle for women's public mobilization.