The nominalisation with suffixes like "-osis" ("glycogenosis" < "glycogen"; "legionellosis" < "legionella"; "brucellosis" < "brucella"; "mastocytosis" < "mastocyte
"; "sialidosis" < "sialidase") and "-ism" ("albinism", "botulism") is frequent as well.
IgE induces release of inflammatory mediators such as histamine and cytokine from mastocytes
In the microscopic evaluation, cellular infiltration, dilatation of the gastric glands, ulcers, edema, hemorrhage and an increase in the number of mastocytes
and eosinophils [4, 5, 11, 14, 17, 54, 89] are observed.
The cellular components involved in these interactions within the central nervous system (CNS) are mainly mastocytes
, also called mast cells, and glia.
Advanced GCTs were associated with decreased T-cell and NK-cell signatures, while T-regs, mastocytes
, and macrophages proved to be activated in patients with advanced stage disease.
This may reflect the process, the course of which starts with cellular-endothelial adhesion changes in mucosal microcirculation, facilitating transmigration of T and B lymphocytes from the vessels to the inflamed tissues, and thus aggregation of cells within the tissue, mastocytes
, macrophages, eosinophils, and activated neutrophils is also included [29, 56].
have reported the secretion of exosomes from intestinal epithelial cells, fibroblasts, mastocytes
, antigen presenting cells, platelets, hepatocytes, and lymphocyte .
Caption: Figure 2: Effects of alcohol and high-fat diet on the total amount of cells (a), number of mastocytes
(b), and mast cells in the scar tissue of HF + AL (c) in skin wounds of Wistar rats.
Biopsy specimens of pericarotid tissues and carotid adventitia revealed nonspecific chronic inflammation with proliferation of fibroblasts, lymphocytes, mastocytes
, and eosinophils, without granuloma formation and without evidence of active infection [14, 15].
Ozone has a potential to limit the inflammatory processes through the reduction of proliferation of neutrophils and mastocytes
, impeding release of acute phase proteins, increasing concentration of prostacyclin 6-keto-PGF1[alpha], and decreasing the concentration of prostacyclin PGF2[alpha], which results from the effect of oxygen radicals on arachidonic acid.
Thus, in the skin, the immediate inflammatory answer to stress involves the release of neuropeptides and the mastocytes
degranulation (in a bigger number and with more connections with the nervous fibres in the eczematous and normal skin of atopic people), which induces the neurogenic inflammation.
Therefore, diagnosis must be confirmed by histopathologic studies, which allow visualizing the capsule of the fibrous connective tissue surrounding the granulomatous tissue and important cells such as lymphocytes, associated to plasma cells, neutrophils, histiocytes, an eventually mastocytes
Review of the literature has suggested that serum tryptase may be considered as a new marker of the instability of atheromatous plaque with regard to the existence of mastocytes
in heart tissue.
TLR5 recognizes bacterial flagellin and is expressed in different cell types, including monocytes, mastocytes
, dendritic cells, and epithelial cells (8,9).
Abnormal overexpression of mastocytes
in skin biopsies of fibromyalgia patients.