marginal utility


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Related to marginal utility: Diminishing marginal utility, Total Utility
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(economics) the amount that utility increases with an increase of one unit of an economic good or service

References in periodicals archive ?
699) would call in his critique of socialist schemes to provide a method of economic calculation, "the fundamental theorem of modern economics," namely diminishing marginal utility. His purpose was, again, to make a fundamental point about economic calculation.
The left [right]-hand side of this inequality is the derived marginal utility, given the actual [RTN] background risk.
It is obvious that [p.sub.t] = [u.sub.c]([c.sub.t], [e.sub.t]), the agent's marginal utility of consumption, which means that the agent could increase his current marginal consumption as a little wealth changes.
marginal utility of money, redistribution from high-income to low-income
Of the many objections Weber raises against the concept of 'marginal utility, I will refer to two.
Thus, for the average SE resident angler (i.e., evaluating at the mean parameter estimates), there is increasing marginal utility for the first and second fish bag limit but zero marginal utility from relaxing the bag limit to the third level (three fish for halibut and six fish for coho).
2) All allocated users must have an identical marginal utility.
Second, disabilities are an interesting setting to examine the possibility that marginal utility could rise or fall with the onset of a disability (Finkelstein, Luttmer, and Notowidigdo 2009).
Marginal utility is intimately related to the willingness to pay concept though they are not precisely equivalent.
Chipman offers translations and analysis of writings from 19th-century German economists (Friedrich Benedikt Wilhelm von Hermann, Karl Heinrich Rau, Bruno Hildebrand, Wilhelm Roscher, Hermann Roesler, Otto Michaelis, Eberhard Friedlander, Albert Eberhard Friedrich Schaffle, and Karl Knies), demonstrating that the introduction of the modern theory of marginal utility originated with the Germans, not in the UK, Austria, or France.
We assume the policy-maker wants to optimally allocate congestion costs on prices using three assumptions: (i) Ramsey pricing without equity considerations across zones; (ii) welfare weights equal for each zone; (iii) welfare weights proportional to estimated expenditure marginal utility in each zone.
This Figure plots the 'marginal utility product of potato labour' (= marginal utility of potatoes times marginal potato product of labour) and the 'marginal utility product of boots labour', and identifies the allocation that is optimal with the intersection of the two schedules.
If e = 0, marginal utilities depend only on the quantity of the opposite good ([MU.sub.1] = a + [q.sub.2], [MU.sub.2] = b + [q.sub.1]) but if e [not equal to] 0, we get the situation in which the first marginal utility also depends on a used quantity of the consumed good 1 ([MU.sub.1] = a + 2e [q.sub.1] + [q.sub.2]).
utility function has declining marginal utility, for whom the next