Welch's analysis is compelling, particularly given the widespread custom of manumitting
children while depriving their (typically African-born) mother of freedom.
Furthermore, while the novel opens faulting Royal for having "acted in opposition to moral principles" for not manumitting
his wife and for keeping his wife and daughters' history hidden, the daughters and their husbands also conceal the past from their children: "It was not deemed wise to inform them of any further particulars, till time and experience had matured their characters and views of life" (21, 287).
his former slaves cost Joseph Clemetson's estate just over a million dollars.
Catherine of Austria, wife of the Portuguese king Joao III, who on average numbered some twenty-five black African and Amerindian slaves among her royal household, gave evidence of her particular concern for the welfare of her female maidservants in manumitting
her three black laundresses Margarida da Silva, Clemencia da Santa Maria, and Catarina da Cruz, in 1554.
24) While the plantation economy discouraged fathers from manumitting
their mixed-race children, those who were granted freedom joined the upper strata of society, due in large part to the recognition and largess of their white fathers.
Tannenbaum established, however, that British and American slavery systems strongly discouraged manumitting
The obsequium et officium were the obligations of the freedmen to the manumitting
A master manumitting
a slave child often cited his desire to acknowledge the captive mother's loyal service, but left unarticulated the precise nature of his relationship with these individuals.
An effect of these regulations was to discourage slaveholders from manumitting
But the council of city elders is opposed to manumitting
the slaves, thus implicitly condemning Ebla to ruin.
Jefferson prudently granted land and tools to five slaves he manumitted by will so that they would not become a tax burden to the county, and when Beverley and Harriet Hemings ran away, he made no attempt at recapture, in effect manumitting