Magnetic ions can be described by their

magnetic moment, which represents the spin of unpaired electrons.

Moreover, a Guy-type magnetic balance (Hertz SG8SHJ) was employed for the measurement of the

magnetic moment. A JEOL SX102/DA-6000 mass spectrometer was used for taking the mass spectra of these compounds by employing glycerol as matrix and m/z (%) is reported for the ions.

These states delimit the gap energy in the conduction band and their distribution is the reason why the effective

magnetic moment is due solely to the contribution of the electrons 4f-[Ho.sup.3+].

The influence of the level of the external magnetic field and the length of the core on its

magnetic moment. Due to the axial symmetry of the field, the

magnetic moment vector [??] of the core under consideration has only an axial projection in cylindrical coordinates

The relationship between the

magnetic moment and the angular momentum is called the "gyromagnetic ratio" and has the value "e/2m".

The

magnetic moment of any ferromagnetic object is caused by induced and permanent magnetization [17].

The

magnetic moment per Fe atom, [[bar.m].sub.Fe], calculated from [[sigma].sub.0], is also given in Table 1.

where the relevant EM charge [Q.sub.EM] is written in terms of the electron mass me, the fine-structure constant [a.sub.EM], and the effective neutrino

magnetic moment as [57]

We attribute the origin of such unusual magnetic behavior in the current study to the presence of film layers with different

magnetic moments leading to net antiferromagnetic behavior.

Thus when fulfilling the above assumptions, we can write for the vectors of observed field [B.sub.Obs] = [[B.sub.x], [B.sub.y], [B.sub.z]] and vector of car disturbance field [B.sub.car] = [[B.sub.cx], [B.sub.cy], [B.sub.cz]] utilizing the well-known equation for magnetic field of a magnetic dipole with

magnetic moment m [[m.sub.x], [m.sub.y], [m.sub.z]] position vector r [[r.sub.x], [r.sub.y], [r.sub.z]] and an (orthogonal) rotation matrix R:

The

magnetic moment of a proton arises due to its spin, which is an intrinsic form of angular momentum.

The

magnetic moment of the amorphous alloy behavior is compared with similar crystalline materials.

UV-Vis data (nm): 220, 226, 256, 520, 667, 682;

Magnetic moment, [[mu].sub.eff](BM): 5.20.

The weak

magnetic moment was observed in Ti[O.sub.2] films due to abundant Vos [14].

The influences of stress on the electron band structure, the electron density of states, and the atomic

magnetic moment are analyzed.