The effectiveness of lymphangiography
as a treatment method for various chyle leakages.
Ravasi, "Combined testicular and foot lymphangiography
in testicular carcinomas," Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol.
We consider that there will be no problem in using Tm-complexes in vivo MR lymphangiography
, because of shorter measuring.
Radiology was encompassing only a few modalities; basically plain x-rays and contrast studies such as IVU and Barium studies; venography, lymphangiography
and angiography were infrequently performed.
The morphological features of lymph node enhancement defects and dilated lymphatic vessels show potential for differentiating metastatic nodes through magnetic resonance lymphangiography
is used occasionally to directly visualize the lymphatic vessels.
This can be evaluated by radioisotope lymphangiography
, magnetic resonance imaging or positron emission tomography; however, these investigations are unfortunately not widely available.
(1,43) The diagnosis of iodinated oil embolism relies on knowledge of prior lymphangiography
or transcatheter oil chemoembolization.
After dermal injection of ICG, real-time lymphangiography
can be performed in the operating room using a laser-assisted imaging device (SPY machine, Novadaq Corp., Bonita Springs, FL).
All line drawings have been revised, and the chapter on lymphangiography
has been deleted.
As long ago as 1981, when PBVD was used widely by radiologists, Kalimo et al reported that in 435 patients referred for lymphangiography
, skin-prick testing was positive in 2.8% (3).
Several groups have evaluated the use of ultrasmall, superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) enhancement of MRI in preoperative lymph node staging (known as MR lymphangiography
) [25-28], Iron oxide particles are taken up by normal lymph nodes, but not by tumour cells.
When you are as close to retirement as I am, it can get a bit depressing to find your hard-won skills becoming obsolete (remember lymphangiography
, anyone?), and to see your juniors effortlessly overtaking you in the application of new imaging technology.
(3,4) Barentsz's group tested Combidex[R]-enhanced MRI lymphangiography
(MRL, viewing of lymph nodes and vessels) against CT for the detection of those less-than-8 mm nodes that can so easily be missed on surgical exploration.