10 However, it showed lower frontocingulate cortex activation during the luteal phase
of PMDD patients compared with controls, suggesting that PMDD is linked to impaired frontocingulate cortex activation induced by emotions during the luteal phase
Progesterone, estradiol, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), or gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) have been evaluated in a variety of clinical studies as a means of luteal phase
support to increase implantation and pregnancy rates in IVF (2-5).
Unfortunately, data from studies in the review were not comparable due to different luteal phase
protocols used; therefore, the analysis missed the fact that luteal support is the factor which affects pregnancy rate and not the use of GnRH agonist trigger for final oocyte maturation (30).
However, the P4 AUC in the luteal phase
after the 3rd ovulation with estrus, and the AUC for the CL formed after ovulation with estrus between 60 to 80 days after calving (the timing at which farmers generally attempt AI of cows) were significantly greater in the Se-supplemented cows than in the control (Figure 5B: p = 0.
Pituitary down-regulation for COS reduces E2 as well as P levels in the luteal phase
support protocol was progesterone (100 mg/capsule, ASEN Pharmaceutical, China) or dydrogesterone (10 mg/pill, Abbott Laboratories, USA), started 3 days after ovulation and continuously taking to 6–12 gestational weeks.
After collecting the data using a questionnaire and analyzing it with statistical tests, we concluded that there is no significant difference in ACL laxity between 3 phases of menstrual cycle, such as menstruation phase, ovulation time and middle of luteal phase
(P = 0.
Three urine specimens were chosen from each menstrual cycle, including at least one specimen from the luteal phase
10] and Nandhini (2006) also showed the same result that FEV1 and FVC values increased in the luteal phase
and FEV1/FVC ratio was higher as seen in the mid-luteal phase
But no such rise in the nitrate-nitrite ratio was observed in the luteal phase
The duration of the ovarian cycle, follicular phase and luteal phase
For eNOS mRNA expression in CL, Arg treatment x luteal phase
Based on progesterone profiles, the luteal phase
was defined as the period between 2 consecutive elevations of plasma progesterone of [greater than or equal to] 0.
4,5 The exact role of mid- luteal E2 is subject to differences on the basis of estimation on different days of the luteal phase
The normal basal cells of the cervical squamous epithelium were in their majority ER-positive and PR-negative throughout the menstrual cycle; the parabasal cells were ER-positive and PR-negative in the follicular phase but ER-negative and PR-positive in the luteal phase