low-birth-weight infant


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Synonyms for low-birth-weight infant

an infant born weighing less than 5.5 pounds (2500 grams) regardless of gestational age

References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depression among women with preterm and low-birth-weight infants: a systematic review.
The former were less likely than the latter to have a very low-birth-weight infant (one weighing less than 1,500 g) and to have a very preterm birth (delivery before 34 weeks' gestation)--0.4% vs.
When counselling the parents of a possible extremely low-birth-weight infant the risks of mortality and short- and long-term morbidity need to be discussed.
A survey conducted by the Institute of Medicine and reported by Droste (1988) estimated that for every dollar spent on prenatal care, $3.38 is saved in the cost of caring for low-birth-weight infants.
This condition is also related to increased infant and childhood morbidity because low-birth-weight infants are 5-10 times as likely to die in the first year of life (Kramer 1987).
Some 4% of women delivered a low-birth-weight infant after the second pregnancy.
Thirteen percent of women had low-birth-weight infants; these women were significantly older than others (28 vs.
In addition, delivering a low-birth-weight infant was significantly associated with postpartum depression in 14 states.
Chronic diabetes was positively associated with the likelihood of having a low-birth-weight infant among white, Hispanic and Asian women (1.6-2.3), and gestational diabetes was negatively associated with this outcome among black and Hispanic women (0.7-0.8).
Programs targeting specific factors that can increase a woman's risk of having a low-birth-weight infant may help reduce the incidence of this outcome, according to a study of women in Colorado participating in a targeted risk reduction prenatal program.
(1) Compared with women who remained employed at a financially adequate level during their pregnancy, those who became unemployed, involuntarily switched to part-time work or transitioned to work paying poverty wages bore lighter infants, had elevated odds of giving birth to a low-birth-weight infant or both.
Factors associated with reduced odds of white and black mothers' having a low-birth-weight infant do not show a similar pattern of associations among Asian Indian and Mexican mothers.
These calculations revealed that compared with women who had no diagnosis, those with a psychiatric disorder had twice the odds of bearing a low-birth-weight infant (odds ratio, 2.0), those with a substance-related disorder had almost four times the odds (3.7) and those with both types of diagnoses had three times the odds (3.0).
(1) Furthermore, women who take protease inhibitors as part of their combined drug regimen are no more likely to have a premature or very premature delivery or a low-birth-weight infant than are women who use combination therapy without these drugs, monotherapy or no therapy.
The revised food package may have improved distributions of birth weight, as evidenced by reductions in birth weight, which were accompanied by reductions in the number of infants born small for gestational age and large for gestational age as well as low-birth-weight infants.