In addition, when an extremely low-birth-weight baby
is delivered by caesarean section there is an increased likelihood of a midline uterine incision being necessary.
We have tested the hypothesis that residents in a zip code that contains a PCB hazardous waste site or abuts a body of water contaminated with PCBs are at increased risk of giving birth to a low-birth-weight baby
. We used the birth registry of the New York State Vital Statistics to identify all births between 1994 and 2000 in New York State except for New York City.
In a study of roughly 8,700 Danish women, seven percent of those who consumed no seafood--but only two percent of those who ate fish at least once a week--had a preterm or low-birth-weight baby
Previous studies have shown that periodontal disease may increase a woman's risk of delivering a pre-term, low-birth-weight baby
Some studies have shown that as women grow older, they run a greater risk of miscarriage, premature birth, birth defects, having a low-birth-weight baby
, and other complications.
If this program were adopted nationally, it would save between $14,000 and $30,000 for every low-birth-weight baby
Woman who smoked over one pack a day were 2.5 times as likely to have a low-birth-weight baby
; if less than a pack a day, the increase was 1.8.
Low-income women who suffer from chronic psychosocial stress are at increased risk of having a low-birth-weight baby
, according to findings from a study of Illinois welfare recipients.
Not only were women with surgically repaired congenital heart disease at increased risk of symptomatic arrhythmias during pregnancy, they were also more likely to have a low-birth-weight baby
, added Dr.
Obese patients should be advised to lose weight before pregnancy, and underweight women should be advised of their potential for infertility and risk for delivering a low-birth-weight baby
. They should be encouraged to gain weight as needed.
Women who douche frequently--and then become pregnant--appear more likely to have a low-birth-weight baby
than women who don't douche, a new study shows.
natives to have a low-birth-weight baby
, but analyses of national data show that the association varies by race or ethnicity and by educational level.
Women should also be advised about the importance of pregnancy spacing; those who conceive within 6 months of a previous delivery are at grater risk of delivering a low-birth-weight baby
and of having a baby who dies of SIDS.
Compared with women reporting no partner violence, those reporting any had nearly twice the odds of having a low-birth-weight baby
or preterm delivery (odds ratios, 1.7 and 1.6, respectively), more than twice the odds of bearing a very low birth weight infant (2.5) and more than three times the odds of having a baby who was very preterm or who died a short time after birth (3.7 and 3.5).