For example, for every 1 percent change in the logarithm
of the real bilateral exchange rate between the German mark and the U.
We can see from Table 1 that we are able to compare two values correct to six decimal places when adopting logarithm
to express [[lambda].
Almost overnight from their invention by Napier and Briggs early in the 17th century, almost 400 hundred years ago, logarithms
transformed the ability of people to calculate, and thus extended the effective working lives of mathematicians, astronomers, engineers and scientists.
Table 1 Regression Results for the Translog Cost Function for Total Expenses, Non-interest Expenses, Interest Expenses, and Employee Cost of a Bank to Measure Economies of Scale with Respect to the Size of the Bank as Measured by Total Assets Variables 2004 2005 2006 2007 Number of Banks 34 34 34 34 Dependent Variable: Natural Logarithm
of Total Expenses Adjusted R-Square 0.
The most important variable in the model is the logarithm
of trade liberalization in the current and past periods.
However, when elliptic curve cryptography is used, the much harder problem of finding the discrete logarithm
of a random elliptic curve element results--and nobody actually has figured out how to do that in a practical sense.
Performance ratio return on equity ROE is positively correlated with logarithm
of the total assets squared [LAGA.
The coefficient on natural logarithm
of loans is below 1 for the year 2007 to 2010, which means that for every rupee increase in loans, total expenses increase by less than one, but in 2011, 2012, and 2013 the coefficient on natural logarithm
of loans is more than one, which implies that for every one rupee increase in loans, total expenses increase by more than a rupee.
In case of service sector, table 4 shows that logarithm
production function had better prediction power than the other two models.
Using the natural logarithm
for financial data is an established method (Wicker, 2011) and is in accordance with the above mentioned studies (e.
The study was themed: (Workplace planning logarithms
in a multipurpose artificial colony of bees).
Frustratingly, most calculators do not have a base n logarithm
function, although this is beginning to change with new models (4).
and antilogarithms: A logarithm
is divided into 2 parts by the decimal.
First: real price of logarithm
average and estimated price of logarithm
average is 8.
Now, taking the (analytical) logarithm
of both sides of this equation gives,