The second member also is far from clear; why should *[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] have lost its -k-[??] Is it really a loan translation
from Gr [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]?
Methods of terminology formation Terminology word Formation method Explanation Example Borrowing A term is borrowed with oparesheni: operation its meaning and dhokoteraldhokota: 'Africanised' doctor Loan translation
Form and meaning of the kahuku mhezi (kahuku): word in the source chicken pox [huku-- language is kept but chicken, mhezi--rash] the word is translated ronga mhuri: family using words from the planning [ronga--plan target language (v), mhuri--family (n)] pfundohudyu: hip joint [pfundo--joint, hudyu- -hip] duramazwi: dictionary [dura-- store (n) or explain (v), mazwi--words] Semantic extension The meaning of a word kucheka: to cut [now is modified or extended also means to operate] to accommodate a new kuvhiya: originally meaning or use just meant to cut up an animal.
an expression introduced into one language by translating it from another language; "`superman' is a calque for the German `Ubermensch'"
This study also suggests that Old Persian influenced the book of Daniel and Imperial Aramaic in more ways than hitherto estimated, especially in regard to syntax and loan translations
. In discussions of the interaction of Old Persian and Aramaic, Aramaic is usually considered the dominant language and credited with a far greater degree of influence.
Now, we will analyse using of calques (loan translations
) in the Dictionary, which mean expressions adopted by one language (Lithuanian, in our case) from another (English) in a more or less literally translated form (The New Oxford Dictionary of English 2001).
3.3.2 Loan translations
. In the analyzed corpus of sports terms, there is one example of literal translation of the foreign expression white water rafting = railing de apa alba" (51).
The following chapter, by Ramon Marti Solano, "Multi-word Loan Translations
and Semantic Borrowings from English in French Journalistic Discourse', includes a comparison of the phraseological units found in Frantext, the largest French corpus, and in a corpus consisting of the weekly issues of Le Nouvel Observateur (lno) over a ten-year period, compiled by the author.
A sampling of topics includes loan translations
from Greek in Christian Middle Arabic texts, dialects before and after classical Arabic, vocalism in modern Moroccan Arabic dialicts, and a morphological study of the plural in Arabic.
Credit unions operating in California must provide written mortgage loan translations
in five languages, according to a release from the state's Department of Financial Institutions.
or calques (Vinay and Dalbernet ,1958), on the other hand, are also referred to by Newmark as through-translations (1988:84).
3) There are also loan translations
or caiques, by which the idea expressed in the Chinese language is conveyed more or less literally with English words.