The gland was supplied by superior thyroid artery and venous drained away via left brachiocephalic vein
. Type II of thyroid gland abnormality was founded one case, characterized by thyroid gland with right lobe, left lobe, isthmus and levator glandulae thyroideae was also observed in a female body as shown in Figure 1G.
Compression of the left brachiocephalic vein
: cause of high signal intensity of the left sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein on MR images.
It shows the right and left internal jugular vein (RIJV and LIJV), right and left external jugular vein (REJV and LEJV), right and left supraclavicular (RSC and LSC) branches of cephalic vein, right and left cephalic vein (RCV and LCV), right and left infraclavicular (RIC and LIC) branch of cephalic vein, right and left axillary veins (RAV and LAV), right and left brachiocephalic vein
(RBC and LBC), superior vena cava (SVC), aorta (A), deltoid muscle (D), and pectoral major muscle (P).
(c) Superior vena cava (black arrow) and left brachiocephalic vein
It usually arises from medium-sized or large veins (e.g., the superior vena cava, azygous vein, and left brachiocephalic vein
(1) Cannulation of the accessory hemiazygos vein is rare but can happen when the accessory hemiazygos vein drains into the left brachiocephalic vein
instead of the azygos vein normally.
In TAPVR type 1, the abnormal common pulmonary veins converge behind the heart to form the common pulmonary vein that connects to the vertical vein which drains in the left brachiocephalic vein
. This results in the characteristic snowman appearance on chest X-ray.
However, we were unable to advance the lead through the junction of the left brachiocephalic vein
and superior vena cava (SVC) due to an acute angle.
After a discussion with the surgeon, it was decided that we should explore the left brachiocephalic vein
. The PAC tip could be seen upon incision of the left brachiocephalic vein
It then continues up under the left brachiocephalic vein
, feeding into the venous circulation at or near the junction of the internal jugular and left subclavian veins at the base of the neck (4).
A portion of the left subclavian vein and probably the left brachiocephalic vein
are also thrombosed.
In our case, the right subclavian catheter tip, lead in a straight route through the right brachiocephalic vein, could be in contact and cause injury to the left brachiocephalic vein
endothelium at the point near to its junction to the superior vena cava.
Case report Gunshot bullet embolus with pellet migration from the left brachiocephalic vein
to the right ventricle: a case report.Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med.
In 53 % of cadavers the left superior intercostal vein communicated with the azygos system, either directly without communicating with the AHV (7 % of cadavers) or via the AHV with or without communicating with the AV (46 % of cadavers): it drained into the left brachiocephalic vein
in all cadavers.