landgrave

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a count who had jurisdiction over a large territory in medieval Germany

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2) An album owned by Francis Segar, an Englishman who spent much of his career in Kassel, Germany, and who accompanied the Hessian Landgrave Moritz's son Otto to London in 1611 when the prince was a hopeful for the hand of James' daughter, contains the signature of Ben Jonson on one page, with a dedication in Latin, and that of Inigo Jones on another, with a motto in Italian.
And we know that Marburg and the Academia Marpurgensis, where Hartmann studied, was in a line of theatrical activity associated with the Landgrave Moritz, who not only kept English actors at court in Kassel but regularly lent the actors to others, endorsed their appearance at the Frankfurt am Main fair, and, in 1604-6, built the English-style Ottoneum theater.
Built around 1100, it was owned by a series of lords, counts, and landgraves until 1900, when Kaiser Wilhelm II bequeathed it to the Association for the Preservation of German Castles, which makes its home here to this day.
Yet it turns out to be one of the most useful concise guides to the provenance, dating, and literature on many of the most important collections of late sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century music, including the Graz choirbooks housed in the Austrian National Library; the manuscripts from the Sammlung Bohn, lost during the Second World War and now in Berlin; the manuscripts from the courts of Landgraves Moritz and Wilhelm of Hessen-Kassel, now in the Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek der Stadt Kassel; and the Proske Collection in the Bischofliche Zentralbibliothek, Regensburg.
TABLE 1 SAMPLE OF DEBTS OF GERMAN PRINCES 1472-1559(*) Debt (in gulden) Dukes of Saxony 1472 190,598 Electors Palatine 1476 500,000 Counts of Wurttemberg 1480 213,358 Bishops of Constance 1491 150,000 Dukes of Bavaria 1514 741,953 Margraves of Brandenburg 1515 233,514 Margraves of Brandenburg 1542 708,299 Landgraves of Hesse 1529 159,225 Landgraves of Hesse 1559 992,092
In Hesse, for instance, around 600 pledges were granted by the landgraves in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
The tradition of collecting minerals extended from the Emperors on down to Kings, Princes, Electors, Dukes, Counts, Margraves and Markgravines, Landgraves and Landgravines across the German Empire.