The lancewood profile was composed almost entirely of pinene volatiles (58 and 37% b- and a-pinene, respectively).
QUANTITY ([micro]G, MEAN [+ OR -] SD) OF VOLATILE TERPENOIDS EMITTED PROM 6 G RASPED WOOD SAMPLES PROM AVOCADO (PERSEA AMERICANA), SILKBAY (PERSEA HUMILIS), SWAMPBAY (PERSEA PALUSTRIS), REDBAY (PERSEA BORBONIA), CAMPHOR TREE (CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA), LANCEWOOD (OCOTEA CORIACEA), AND LYCHEE (LITCHI CHINENSIS).
More conventional leaves without such defenses don't show up until lancewood trees are taller than 300 centimeters, the researchers report.
Researchers also looked at the leaves of a species descended from the New Zealand lancewood.
Holdaway says of the idea that lancewood leaves served as a defense against moa.
Using information about the visual system of the ostrich, moa's closest living relative, Burns and his colleagues tested what the leaves of lancewoods (Pseudopanax crassifolius) might have looked like to a moa.
Some reference sources also List degame as a substitute for lancewood
But the lancewood
wilderness is also the wooded but waterless 'Kumyan country' of the Upper Daly; to traverse it, Aboriginal travelers made carry-flasks for water out of bamboo tubes.
In 2011 the project was producing 18 000 litres of milk a day and which is being marketed to the Lancewood
Dairy in George.