This article examines the Ambon and Poso jihads from a comparative and evolutionary perspective.
The Ambon and Poso jihads have not been examined in much detail in the academic literature on the violence during the post-Suharto democratic transition.
(54) It was not only the first JI training camp on Indonesian soil, but it also became a key camp in facilitating the close social bonds of a new jihadi generation which outlasted the Ambon jihad and became the backbone of subsequent Indonesian involvement in other jihads such as Poso as well as Mindanao and Syria.
The initial report, however, did not provide an analysis of the ways in which veterans of jihad in these different regions vary, noting, "it is beyond the scope of this initial report to provide a detailed and comprehensive breakdown of the variety groups that the Islamic State's new recruits had access to at this time." (5)
It finds that veterans of jihad in Libya tend to have gained their experience as a result of localized conflict dynamics while veterans of jihad in Afghanistan represent a more internationalized veteran-jihadi population.
In Future Jihad, Walid Phares discusses the foreboding topic of terrorism in a popular writing style while avoiding exaggerated sensationalism or fear mongering.
Future Jihad flows through three general topics in the course of 17 chapters: (1) What is jihad, and how did this idea develop to the present day?
The word "jihad" elicits a multitude of emotions in different people.
The authors further explain how various interpretations of the Koran motivate different types of jihad, which literally means "striving hard in God's cause." The types range from peaceful movements to violent and deadly revolutions.
-- Osama bin Laden et al., in "Declaration of the World Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders," 23 February 1998
The word "jihad" means "struggle" or "striving" (in the way of God) or to work for a noble cause with determination; it does not mean "holy war" (war in Arabic is harb and holy is muqadassa).
His latest book, Ecumenical Jihad: Ecumenism and the Culture War, insists that history is vindicating it for him.
we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places." Yet neither Our Blessed Saviour nor Saint Paul preached an ecumenical jihad.
Jihad is a bit like mummy and daddy when it gets to 8pm.
Mr Jihad jumped out of bed and peeked out his cave.