Proteins in plasma and intracellular fluid
are negatively charged due to pH.
Slow cooling rates lead to the formation of extracellular ice while the intracellular fluid
remains, for a time, unfrozen.
Such proteins were not expelled for tagging and degradation in the cytosol, the intracellular fluid
, outside the ER.
Use of bioimpedance spectroscopy to determine extracellular fluid, intracellular fluid
, total body water, and fat-free mass.
Thus, by applying current across a range of frequencies to a limb segment, measuring voltage potential in a section of the limb within the electric field, and then using a computational model to process the data , one can determine extracellular and intracellular fluid