Abbreviations: ABI = ankle-brachial index, BMI = body mass index, HBP = high blood pressure, ICF = intracellular fluid
, OBP = orthostatic blood pressure, PAD = peripheral arterial disease, SD = standard deviation.
4) To replace potassium losses, potassium should be given with an anion such as phosphate, which distributes to the intracellular fluid
rather than chloride which is predominately extracellular.
In contrast to its high extracellular concentrations, the concentration of chloride in the intracellular fluid
of erythrocytes is 45-54 mmol/L, and in intracellular fluid
of most other tissue cells, is only about 1 mmol/L.
Bioelectrical impedance assesses the total body water component, that is, extracellular and intracellular fluid
Cancer cells, however, have abnormal cell membranes and they readily allow cesium to cross into the intracellular fluid