intonation pattern

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intonations characteristic of questions and requests and statements

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They mark the point at which the intonation contour changes direction, thereby being categorized as high tones (peaks) and low tones (valleys).
Examples (36) and (35), a YNQ (in this example with a focused direct object) and an echo WHQ respectively, which are segmentally almost equal, share the same intonation contour.
Her subjects were speakers of American English, who were asked to associate intonation contours with any one of a set of opposed adjectives from Osgood's "semantic differential" scale.
The shared intonation contour, and the lack of pause, group the word "that" backward, but, at the same time, the listener's syntactic knowledge and the sustained /n/ indicating a rest suggest a new start after "heaven.
In Figure 5, the intonation contour clearly juts out on "men.
le construction provides additional support for the idea that it is the function of negation as such that conditions the intonation contour.
We found that the infants who were exposed to fluent speech with the exaggerated intonation contour characteristic of parentese speech learned to identify the words more quickly than infants who heard fluent speech spoken in a more monotone fashion.
The third intonation contour noted by Weinreich (the one he focused on in his paper) is the one Weinreich called the "rise-fall contour.
The next important issue is the location of the highest tonal peak in the intonation contour.
For the purposes of analysis, the overall melody of the utterance is referred to in the literature as intonation contour and the chunks or utterances for the description of intonation as intonation units, tone units, sense groups, thought groups, etc.
The hypothesis pursued here instead is that this intonation contour together with its semantico-pragmatic properties is caused by a multiple-focus structure.
Hirschberg, Julia; and Ward, Gregory (1992) The influence of pitch range, duration, amplitude and spectral features on the interpretation of the rise-fall-rise intonation contour in English.
Typically, the actual intonation contour in poetry reading is not the one predicted for ordinary prose, but a contour distorted to some degree, and the listener decodes it in terms of the interaction between two contours: the ones required by ordinary prose and by versification.
The plateau in the intonation contour would thus seem to provide an indication that the scope of the initial focusing morpheme is the sentence (implying intensification of the verb process), rather than the subject alone (as in subject focus).
The meaning of intonation contours in the interpretation of discourse.