Until the creation of the CIA through the 1947 National Intelligence
Act, the U.
In September 2003, Director Robert Mueller ordered the creation of Field Intelligence
Groups (FIGs) in all 56 field offices.
This makes it hard to define intelligence
in biological terms, as all animal models can learn.
Individuals with high executive intelligence
cannot reach their peak performance unless surrounded by others with a similar level of skill.
Chosen for his extensive experience in intelligence
matters and knowledge of the needs of combat commanders, Clapper became the first civilian director of NGA on Sept.
Throughout the government, other intelligence
agencies were looking at the same material, and one of these shops came to a markedly different conclusion.
It saw a widely circulated 1999 report from the Central Intelligence
Agency's (CIA) National Intelligence
Council that highlighted the potential for terrorists to crash explosives-laden civilian aircraft into critical national targets; and it again applied this threat scenario in 2001 when a no-fly zone was established in Genoa for a G8 meeting of major industrial democracies.
Psychometric diehards assume that the correct model of intelligence
can be generated by investigating how people think in highly atypical situations.
But the perception that artificial intelligence
would replace human functions left the industry disillusioned when the miracle application failed to materialize.
As a result, most scientific research, the educational system, and efforts to raise intelligence
focused on conscious, logical thinking.
This new evidence is no surprise to those behind the latest rage in corporate competence - the idea of emotional intelligence
(EQ) as a counterpart to intelligence
Tenet, 44, has served as the deputy director of central intelligence
since July 1995 and the acting director since December.
Cawkell (1991) has described how the ISI's (Institute for Scientific Information) Science Citation Index can be used for competitive intelligence
: This process opens up a means of gathering intelligence
for such purposes as estimating the impact of work done by an individual or an organization or noting the growth, diminution, or change in the activities of a science-based company, educational or research establishment, or even an entire country (p.
Interligare will integrate Language Weaver's automated translation technology into its NowIS (Normalized Wide Spectrum Intelligence
) System, a "Watching, Investigation and Intelligence
With the development of the intelligence
-led policing (ILP) philosophy and its operationalization through the National Criminal Intelligence
Sharing Plan (NCISP), state, local, and tribal law enforcement organizations have begun to revisit their roles in intelligence