In our study, 16 burn patients without NI received prophylactic antimicrobial agents because of poor immunostatus and inhalation injury
This includes fibre-optic bronchoscopes for the diagnosis and treatment of inhalation injury
and other pulmonary disorders as well as equipment to measure weight and body temperature.
The diagnosis of smoke inhalation injury
is based on clinical findings such as singed nasal hairs, intraoral soot, and signs of respiratory distress, including stridor, hoarseness, drooling, and dysphagia.
Presenting with symptoms of dyspnea and exhibiting carbonaceous material in his nares and mouth, the patient was intubated shortly after arrival for concern of inhalation injury
and was placed on a ventilator.
On arrival at the hospital on October 14, 1992, the child was in "critical condition" from an inhalation injury
and third degree burns.
A 41-year-old male patient with bums on 88% of his total body surface and an inhalation injury
required a ventilator throughout most of his course and peritoneal dialysis late in his course.
From an inhalation injury
, he suffered pneumonia, a collapsed lung, and adult respiratory distress syndrome.
The total length of stay (LOS) expected for this inhalation injury
patient is 14 to 21 days in contrast to only 0 to 1 day of acute care for the smoke inhalation patient without inhalation injury
Factors affecting outcome traditionally include site of the burn incident, injury characteristics, rapidity of transport to hospital, therapeutic measures including the quality of resuscitation, infection control, early wound closure, inhalation injury
management, nutrition and acute rehabilitation.